Home | Current Issue | Past Issues | Search | CollectionsRSS | PDA Services | FAQ | SHCIM Online | Chinese Updated Wednesday, August 05, 2015
Submit a manuscript
Send response
Read responses
Advance online publication
Sign up for e-alert
JCIM job opportunities
Contact JCIM
 Information For
 About JCIM
Journal description
Editorial policy
Privacy policy
Copy right
Editorial staff
 Language Polishing
Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine: 2010; 8(1): 49-55
DOI: 10.3736/jcim20100110
Taohe Chengqi Tang ameliorates acute liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats
1. Tung-yuan LAI (School of PostBaccalaureate Chinese Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan, China )
2. Yi-jiun WENG (Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan, China )
3. Wei-wen KUO (Department of Biological Science and Technology, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan, China )
4. Li-mien CHEN (Department of Internal Medicine, Armed Forces Taichung General Hospital, Taichung 411, Taiwan, China )
5. Yun-ting CHUNG (Emergency Department, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 404, Taiwan, China )
6. Yueh-min LIN (Department of Pathology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua 500, Taiwan, China )
7. Fuu-jen TSAI (Department of Pediatrics, Medical Research and Medical Genetics, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 404, Taiwan, China )
8. Chun-hsin LEE (Center for Cardiovascular Diseases of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100091, China )
9. Yee-mun CHOONG (Graduate Institute of Chinese Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan, China )
10. Eric Y.C. LAI (HopeSun Cancer Center, Taichung Hospital, Taichung 403, Taiwan, China )
11. Chih-yang HUANG (Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan, China )
12. Yu-lan YEH (Department of Pathology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua 500, Taiwan, China E-mail: cyhuang@mail.cmu.edu.tw)
Objective: To clarify the efficacy of Taohe Chengqi Tang (THCQT), a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, in protecting liver damage induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rats.
Methods: Thirty male Wistar rats were divided into normal control group, untreated group, low-dose THCQT group (receiving 0.3 g/kg of THCQT), high-dose THCQT group (receiving 0.5 g/kg of THCQT), and positive control group (receiving silymarin 25 mg/kg). All testing substances were orally administered 1 hour before the intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 (1.5 mL/kg). Twenty-four hours after CCl4 injection, the rats were sacrificed to observe liver histopathological changes, and to evaluate activities of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and lipid peroxidation (LPO) and glutathione (GSH) levels in liver tissues.
Results: CCl4 injection elevated the serum AST and ALT activities, but THCQT significantly reversed this effect. The increase of hepatic LPO by CCl4 was markedly reduced by THCQT. Also, this herbal mixture increased hepatic GSH in the rats. In histopathology analysis, THCQT decreased the fatty accumulation, necrosis and lymphocyte infiltration. The in vitro study in rat brain showed that LPO induced by Fe2+/ascorbic acid was dose-dependently reduced by THCQT. According to the biochemical and morphological data, THCQT could protect the liver from CCl4-induced injuries.
Conclusion: THCQT seems helpful for protection of liver damage induced by chemicals depending on its anti-oxidant-like function, and THCQT is more effective than silymarin.
Welcome to JCIM! You are the number 9750 reader of this article!
Download Article:
[Full Text]      [PDF]      [Chinese]      [Previous]      [Next]      [This Issue]
Please cite this article as:
Lai TY, Weng YJ, Kuo WW, Chen LM, Chung YT, Lin YM, Tsai FJ, Lee CH, Choong YM, Lai EYC, Huang CY, Yeh YL. Taohe Chengqi Tang ameliorates acute liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats. J Chin Integr Med / Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao. 2010; 8(1): 49-55.
1Poli G. Liver damage due to free radicals[J].Br Med Bull, 1993, 49(3): 604-620.  .
2Chen Q. Pharmacology and application of Chinese herbs[M]. Taipei: SMC Publishing Inc, 1989. 451. Chinese.
3Brent JA, Rumack BH. Role of free radicals in toxic hepatic injury Ⅱ. Are free radicals the cause of toxin-induced liver injury[J].Clin Toxicol, 1993, 31(1): 173-196.  .
4Weber LW, Boll M, Stampfl A. Hepatotoxicity and mechanism of action of haloalkanes[J].carbon tetrachloride as a toxicological model. Crit Rev Toxicol, 2003, 33(2): 105-136.  .
5Kitajima S, Ogawa N, Ariyoshi T. Protective effect of Trionyx carpax on CCl4-induced hepatic injury is mediated by uracil[J].Res Comm Chem Pathol Pharmacol, 1994, 84(2): 203-222.  .
6Ohta Y, Sasaki E, Nishida K, Kobayashi T, Nagata M, Ishiguro I. Preventive effect of Dai-saiko-to (Da-Chai-Hu-Tang) extract on disrupted hepatic active oxygen metabolism in rats with carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury[J].Am J Chin Med, 1995, 23(1): 53-64.  .
7Evans PH. Free radicals in brain metabolism and pathology[J].Br Med Bull, 1993, 49(3): 577-587.  .
8Reynolds ES, Ree HR. Liver parenchymal cell injury. Ⅶ. Membrane denaturation following carbon tetrachloride[J].Lab Invest, 1971, 25(3): 269-278.  .
9Ozer J, Ratner M, Shaw M, Bailey W, Schomaker S. The current state of serum biomarkers of hepatotoxi-city[J].Toxicology, 2008, 245(3): 194-205.  .
10Ohta S, Kumasaka M, Shinoda M. Effect of cysteamine on carbon tetrachloride induced hepatic injury in rats[J].Yakugaku Zasshi, 1985, 105(9): 866-873.  .
11Imaizumi Y, Katoh M, Sumimoto T, Kasai T. Effect of malotilate (diisopropyl 1,3-dithiol-2-ylidennmalonate) on the protein synthesis in rat liver[J].Jpn J Pharmacol, 1982, 32(2): 369-375.  .
12Labbe G, Descatoire V, Letteron P, Degott C, Tinel M, Larrey D, Carrion-Pavlov Y, Geneve J, Amouyal G, Pessayre D. The drug methoxsalen, a suicide substrate for cytochrome P450, decreases the metabolic activation, and prevents the hepatoxicity, of carbon tetrachloride in mice[J].Biochem Pharmacol, 1987, 36(6): 907-914.  .
13Itoh S, Gohara S, Matsuo S, Yamaba Y. Effects of calcium antagonist diltiazem on liver calcium content and necrosis of hepatocytes in rats following treatment with CCl4[J].Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol, 1988, 60(1): 133-136.  .
14Ohkawa H, Ohishi N, Yagi K. Assay for lipid peroxides in animal tissues by thiobarbituric acid reaction[J].Anal Biochem, 1979, 95(2): 351-358.  .
15Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AL, Randall RJ. Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent[J].J Biol Chem, 1951, 193(1): 265-275.  .
16Ellman GL. Tissue sulfhydryl groups[J].Arch Biochem Biophys, 1959, 82(1): 70-77.  .
17Sedlak J, Lindsay RH. Estimation of total, protein-bound, and nonprotein sulfhydryl group in tissue with Ellman's reagent[J].Anal Biochem, 1968, 25(1): 192-205.  .
18Lee SH, Heo SI, Li L, Lee MJ, Wang MH.. Antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities of Cirsium setidens Nakai against CCl4-induced liver damage[J].Am J Chin Med, 2008, 36(1): 107-114.  .
19Ye X, Feng Y, Tong Y, Ng KM, Tsao S, Lau GK, Sze C, Zhang Y, Tang J, Shen J, Kobayashi S. Hepatoprotective effects of Coptidis rhizoma aqueous extract on carbon tetrachloride-induced acute liver hepatotoxi-city in rats[J].J Ethnopharmacol, 2009, 124(1): 130-136.  .
20Lin HM, Tseng HC, Wang CJ, Lin JJ, Lo CW, Chou FP. Hepatoprotective effects of Solanum nigrum Linn extract against CCl4-iduced oxidative damage in rats[J].Chem Biol Interact, 2008, 171(3): 283-293.  .
21Gowri Shankar NL, Manavalan R, Venkappayya D, David Raj C. Hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of Commiphora berryi (Arn) Engl bark extract against CCl4-induced oxidative damage in rats[J].Food Chem Toxicol, 2008, 46(9): 3182-3185.  .
22Yadav NP, Pal A, Shanker K, Bawankule DU, Gupta AK, Darokar MP, Khanuja SP. Synergistic effect of silymarin and standardized extract of Phyllanthus amarus against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity in Rattus norvegicus[J].Phytomedicine, 2008, 15(12): 1053-1061.  .
23Cheeseman KH, Slater TF. An introduction to free radical biochemistry[J].Br Med Bull, 1993, 49(3): 481-493.  .
24De Vries J, Hollinger MA.. Cytotoxicity: molecular mechanisms of cell death. In: Niesink RJM, Toxic-plogy: principle and applications[M]. New York: CRC Press, 1996. 289-313.  .
25Ray G, Husain SA. Oxidants, antioxidants and carcinogenesis[J].Indian J Exp Biol, 2002, 40(11): 1213-1232.  .
26Janero DR. Malondialdehyde and thiobarbituric acid-reactivity as diagnostic indices of lipid peroxidation and peroxidative tissue injury[J].Free Radic Biol Med, 1990, 9(6): 515-540.  .
27Halliwell B, Gutteridge JMC. Free radicals in biology and medicine[M]. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989. 86-123.  .
28Halliwell B, Gutteridge JM. Oxygen toxicity, oxygen radicals, transition metals and disease[J].Biochem J, 1984, 219(1): 1-14.  .
29Aust SD, Morehouse LA, Thomas CE. Role of metals in oxygen radical reactions[J].J Free Radic Biol Med, 1985, 1(1): 3-25.  .
30Cabré M, Camps J, Paternáin JL, Ferré N, Joven J. Time-course of changes in hepatic lipid peroxidation and glutathione metabolism in rats with carbon tetrachloride-induced cirrhosis[J].Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol, 2000, 27(9): 694-699.  .
31Recknagel RO, Glende EA Jr. Carbon tetrachloride hepatotoxicity: an example of lethal cleavage[J].CRC Crit Rev Toxicol, 1973, 2(3): 263-297.  .
32Waller RL, Glende EA Jr, Recknagel RO. Carbon tetrachloride and bromotrichloromethane toxicity. Dual role of covalent binding of metabolic cleavage products and lipid peroxidation in depression of microsomal calcium sequestration[J].Biochem Pharmacol, 1983, 32(10): 1613-1617.  .
33Lowrey K, Glende EA Jr, Recknagel RO. Destruction of liver microsomal calcium pump activity by carbon tetrachloride and bromotrichloromethane[J].Biochem Pharmacol, 1981, 30(2): 135-140.  .
34Harisch G, Meyer W. Studies on tissue distribution of glutathione and on activities of glutathione-related enzymes after carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury[J].Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol, 1985, 47(3): 399-414.  .
35Di Simplicio P, Mannervik B. Enzymes involved in glutathione metabolism in rats liver and blood after carbon tetrachloride intoxication[J].Toxicol Lett, 1983, 18(3): 285-289.  .
36Nakagawa K. Carbon tetrachloride-induced alterations in hepatic glutathione and ascorbic acid contents in mice fed a diet containing ascorbate esters[J].Arch Toxicol, 1993, 67(10): 686-690.  .

 Home | Current Issue | Past Issues | Search | CollectionsRSS | PDA Services | FAQ | SHCIM Online | Chinese
Copyright © 2003-2012 by JCIM Press. All rights reserved. ISSN 1672-1977