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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine: 2010; 8(5): 427-431
DOI: 10.3736/jcim20100505
Characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes in post-stroke depression
1. Hui HAN (Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230031, Anhui Province, China E-mail: chinaxyh@mail.hf.ah.cn)
2. Li-min WU (Medical Research Center, Anhui Provincial Hospital, Hefei 230001, Anhui Province, China )
3. Wen-ming YANG (Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230031, Anhui Province, China )
4. Mei-xia WANG (Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230031, Anhui Province, China )
5. Jing-jing TANG (Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230031, Anhui Province, China )
6. Han WANG (Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230031, Anhui Province, China )
7. Zhi-xiu LIU (Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230031, Anhui Province, China )
8. Rong-zhi LIU (Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230031, Anhui Province, China )
9. Ting DONG (Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230031, Anhui Province, China )
10. Juan ZHANG (Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230031, Anhui Province, China )
11. Bo YANG (Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230031, Anhui Province, China )
12. Ming-xiang HAN (Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230031, Anhui Province, China )

Objective: To explore the main characteristics of syndromes in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in post-stroke depression (PSD) and to provide basis for treatments with TCM herbs.
Methods: According to diagnostic criteria of PSD, stroke patients and depression patients from Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine were assigned into cerebral stroke group (150 cases), depression group (151 cases) and PSD group (123 cases). Neuropsychological assessments and imaging and biochemical analyses were conducted. TCM syndrome differentiation for these diseases was performed. We also determined the characteristics of TCM syndromes of PSD, relative risk of the syndromes and their correlations with ages as well.
Results: Scores of qi stagnation and blood stasis, liver qi depression, and transformation of fire due to qi stagnation in PSD group were significant higher than those in cerebral stroke group (P<0.05, P<0.01). In cerebral stroke group, majority of the patients displayed one syndrome, while in PSD and depression groups, the patients had three or more syndromes. Of these syndromes, the incidence rate of syndrome of liver qi depression complicated with transformation of fire due to qi stagnation or flaring of fire due to yin deficiency was high. The syndrome of liver qi depression occurred much more frequently in PSD group and depression group than in cerebral stroke group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The logistic regression analysis showed that the syndrome of qi stagnation and blood stasis had high relative risk to PSD. The syndrome of deficiency of heart and spleen was positively correlated with age in cerebral stroke group.
Conclusion: The main TCM syndromes of PSD and depression are qi stagnation and blood stasis, liver qi depression, and transformation of fire due to qi stagnation. The syndrome of deficiency of heart and spleen is closely related to age among the stroke patients. The syndrome of qi stagnation and blood stasis serves as an independent risk factor for PSD. The more complicated the syndromes are, the more serious depression becomes.
 

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Please cite this article as:
Han H, Wu LM, Yang WM, Wang MX, Tang JJ, Wang H, Liu ZX, Liu RZ, Dong T, Zhang J, Yang B, Han MX. Characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes in post-stroke depression. J Chin Integr Med / Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao. 2010; 8(5): 427-431.
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