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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine: 2009; 7(11): 1001-1022
DOI: 10.3736/jcim20091101
An update on Shankhpushpi, a cognition-boosting Ayurvedic medicine
1. Neeraj Kumar SETHIYA (Herbal Drug Technology Labaratory, Department of Pharmacy, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India E-mail: nscognosy2006@gmail.com)
2. Alok NAHATA (Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. Hari Singh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar 470003 (MP), India )
3. Shri Hari MISHRA (Herbal Drug Technology Labaratory, Department of Pharmacy, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India )
4. Vinod Kumar DIXIT (Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. Hari Singh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar 470003 (MP), India )

Abstract: Shankhpushpi is an Ayurvedic drug used for its action on the central nervous system, especially for boosting memory and improving intellect. Quantum of information gained from Ayurvedic and other Sanskrit literature revealed the existence of four different plant species under the name of Shankhpushpi, which is used in various Ayurvedic prescriptions described in ancient texts, singly or in combination with other herbs. The sources comprise of entire herbs with following botanicals viz., Convulvulus pluricaulis Choisy. (Convulvulaceae), Evolvulus alsinoides Linn. (Convulvulaceae), Clitoria ternatea Linn. (Papilionaceae) and Canscora decussata Schult. (Gentianaceae). A review on the available scientific information in terms of pharmacognostical characteristics, chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, preclinical and clinical applications of controversial sources of Shankhpushpi is prepared with a view to review scientific work undertaken on Shankhpushpi. It may provide parameters of differentiation and permit appreciation of variability of drug action by use of different botanical sources. 

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Sethiya NK, Nahata A, Mishra SH, Dixit VK. An update on Shankhpushpi, a cognition-boosting Ayurvedic medicine. J Chin Integr Med / Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao. 2009; 7(11): 1001-1022.
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