Home | Current Issue | Past Issues | Search | CollectionsRSS | PDA Services | FAQ | SHCIM Online | Chinese Updated Friday, March 22, 2019
 Services
Submit a manuscript
Subscribe
Individuals
Institutions
Response
Send response
Read responses
Reprint
Advance online publication
Sign up for e-alert
JCIM job opportunities
Contact JCIM
 Information For
Readers
Authors
Reviewers
Advertisers
 About JCIM
Journal description
Editorial policy
Privacy policy
Copy right
Editorial staff
 Language Polishing
Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine: 2012; 10(11): 1233-1239
DOI: 10.3736/jcim20121106
Qigong therapy for physiotherapists suffering from burnout: a preliminary study
1. João Pedro Saganha (Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Porto, 4099-030 Porto, Portugal )
2. Christoph Doenitz (Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Porto, 4099-030 Porto, Portugal )
3. Tobias Greten (German Society of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 69126 Heidelberg, Germany )
4. Thomas Efferth (Department of Pharmaceutical Biology, Institute of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Mainz, 55099 Mainz, Germany )
5. Henry J. Greten (Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Porto, 4099-030 Porto, Portugal )
OBJECTIVE: The study was carried out in order to evaluate the prevalence of burnout in physiotherapists, and to assess whether “White Ball” Qigong exercises may be effective in burnout. This was aimed to provide preliminary data for the preparation and development of a larger study.
METHODS: Physiotherapists completed a demographic questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) questionnaire. For the intervention and the control groups, the authors selected those physiotherapists with the highest levels of burnout on the most important subscale. The intervention group (eight physiotherapists) performed a specific qigong intervention as developed by the Heidelberg School of Chinese Medicine; the control group consisted of eight physiotherapists on a waiting list. At the end of a three-week period of treatment or waiting list, both groups repeated the MBI for the comparison of results.
RESULTS: Of 106 physiotherapists (36 males and 70 females) assessed by the MBI, Emotional Exhaustion subscale was seen in 52 (49.1%), Depersonalization subscale in 36 (33.9%), and Burnout in the Personal Accomplishment subscale in 33 (31.2%), of whom 4 (3.8%) suffered to a severe degree and 29 (27.4%) moderately. Within the study group qigong lowered the mean values of Emotional Exhaustion subscale from 38.0 to 31.4, whereas in the control group the values rose from 33.9 to 37.9. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P= 0.023). Qigong lowered the mean value of Depersonalization subscale from 10.8 to 6.8. In controls the value rose from 7.3 to 10.6. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P= 0.013). The mean values of Personal Accomplishment subscale decreased in both groups: from 35.4 to 33.9 in the intervention group, and from 37.5 to 37.1 in the control group. The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant.
CONCLUSION: The effects of “White Ball” Qigong on burnout symptoms are measurable by the MBI. The results are compatible with the thesis that this type of qigong is an effective tool for the self-management of burnout. It is easy to integrate into a daily routine as it takes only 2×5 min per day. On the basis of this evaluation, a study design can now be developed on a larger scale with appropriate blinding, follow-up testing and adequate controls.
Welcome to JCIM! You are the number 15101 reader of this article!
Download Article:
[Full Text]      [PDF]      [Chinese]      [Previous]      [Next]      [This Issue]
Please cite this article as:
Saganha JP, Doenitz C, Greten T, Efferth T, Greten HJ. Qigong therapy for physiotherapists suffering from burnout: a preliminary study. J Chin Integr Med / Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao. 2012; 10(11): 1233-1239.
References:
1Santos MC, Barros L, Carolino E. Occupational stress and coping resources in physiotherapists: a survey of physiotherapists in three general hospitals[J].Physiotherapy, 2010, 96(4): 303-310.  .
2Ogiwara S, Hayashi H. Burnout amongst physiotherapists in Ishikawa Prefecture[J].J Phys Ther Sci, 2002, 14: 7-13.  .
3Pavlakis A, Raftopoulos V, Theodorou M. Burnout syndrome in Cypriot physiotherapists: a national survey[J].BMC Health Serv Res, 2010, 10: 63.  .
4Pires S, Mateus R, Cmara J. Síndrome de Burnout nos Profissionais de Saúde de um Centro de Atendimento a Toxicodependentes[J].Revista Toxicodependencias IDT, 2004, 10(1): 15-23.  .
5Maslach C, Jackson SE. The measurement of experienced burnout[J].J Organ Behav, 1981, 2(2): 99-113.  .
6Leiter MP, Maslach C. The impact of interpersonal environment on burnout and organizational commitment[J].J Organ Behav, 1988, 9(4): 297-308.  .
7Krasner MS, Epstein RM, Beckman H, Suchman AL, Chapman B, Mooney CJ, Quill TE. Association of an educational program in mindful communication with burnout, empathy, and attitudes among primary care physicians[J].JAMA, 2009, 302(12): 1284-1293.  .
8Li Calzi S, Farinelli M, Ercolani M, Alianti M, Manigrasso V, Taroni AM. Physical rehabilitation and burnout: different aspects of the syndrome and comparison between healthcare professionals involved[J].Eura Medicophys, 2006, 42(1): 27-36.  .
9Campo MA, Weiser S, Koenig KL. Job strain in physical therapists. Phys Ther. 2009; 89(9): 946-956
10Donohoe E, Nawawi A, Wilker L, Schindler T, Jette DU. Factors associated with burnout of physical therapists in Massachusetts rehabilitation hospitals[J].Phys Ther, 1993, 73(11): 750-756.  .
11Schuster ND, Nelson DL, Quisling C. Burnout among physical therapists[J].Phys Ther, 1984, 64(3): 299-303.  .
12Deckard GJ, Present RM. Impact of role stress on physical therapists’ emotional and physical well-being[J].Phys Ther, 1989, 69(9): 713-718.  .
13Hall AM, Ferreira PH, Maher CG, Latimer J, Ferreira ML. The influence of the therapist-patient relationship on treatment outcome in physical rehabilitation: a systematic review[J].Phys Ther, 2010, 90(8): 1099-1110.  .
14Stubbs B, Winstanley S, Alderman N, Birkett-Swan L. The risk of assault to physiotherapists: beyond zero tolerance? Physiotherapy. 2009; 95(2): 134-139.
15Fjellman-Wiklund A, Stenlund T, Steinholtz K, Ahlgren C. Take charge: Patients’ experiences during participation in a rehabilitation programme for burnout[J].J Rehabil Med, 2010, 42(5): 475-481.  .
16Greten HJ. Understanding TCM[M]. Heidelberg: Heidelberg School Editions, 2007. 1-145.  .
17Sertel S, Greten HJ, Kraemer HJ, Efferth T, Plinkert PK, Baumann I. Evaluation of quality of life in patients treated with Traditional Chinese Medicine[J].The Open Otorhinolaryngol J, 2010, 4: 62-67.  .
18Tsang HW, Cheung L, Lak DC. Qigong as a psychosocial intervention for depressed elderly with chronic physical illnesses[J].Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, 2002, 17(12): 1146-1154.  .
19Skoglund L, Jansson E. Qigong reduces stress in computer operators[J].Complement Ther Clin Pract, 2007, 13(2): 78-84.  .
20Greten HJ. Handbuch des funktionell therapeutischen Qigong Ⅰ: Diagnosengerechte übungspraxis. Heidelberg: Heidelberg School of Chinese Medicine. 2009. German.
21Johnson JA. Chinese medical qigong therapy: a comprehensive clinical Text. Pacific Grove: The International Institute of Medical Qigong. 2000.
22Lin S. Research leading to a systems/cellular/molecular model for the benefits of Qigong and Tai Chi on health and healing. In Theses: Scientific and Skill Papers on Qigong, published in coordination with The World Qigong Forum 2007 and 10th World Congress on Qigong and Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tokyo, 2007: 3-8.
23Matos LC, Goncalves MJ, Silva AR, Mendes JG, Machado JP, Greten HJ. Assessment of Qigong-related effects by infrared thermography: a case study[J]. J Chin Integr Med, 2012, 10(6): 663-666. Chinese.
24Li M, Chen K, Mo Z. Use of qigong therapy in the detoxification of heroin addicts[J].Altern Ther Health Med, 2002, 8(1): 50-54, 56-59.  .
25Dorcas A, Yung P. Qigong: harmonising the breath, the body and the mind[J].Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery, 2003, 9(4): 198-202.  .
26Chen K, Yeung R. Exploratory studies of Qigong therapy for cancer in China[J].Integr Cancer Ther, 2002, 1(4): 345-370.  .
27Sancier KM. Medical applications of qigong[J].Altern Ther Health Med, 1996, 2(1): 40-46.  .
28Balogun JA, Titiloye V, Balogun A, Oyeyemi A, Katz J. Prevalence and determinants of burnout among physical and occupational therapists[J].J Allied Health, 2002, 31(3): 131-139.  .
29Serrano Gisbert MF, de Los Fayos EJ, Hidalgo Montesinos MD. Burnout in Spanish physiotherapists[J].Psicothema, 2008, 20(3): 361-368.  .

 Home | Current Issue | Past Issues | Search | CollectionsRSS | PDA Services | FAQ | SHCIM Online | Chinese
Copyright © 2003-2012 by JCIM Press. All rights reserved. ISSN 1672-1977