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Journal of Integrative Medicine: Volume 11, 2013   Issue 2,  Pages: 140-146

DOI: 10.3736/jintegrmed2013015
Study Protocol
Functional and psychosocial effects of pulmonary Daoyin on patients with COPD in China: study protocol of a multicenter randomized controlled trial
1. Xue-qing Yu (Department of Respiratory Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan Province, China )
2. Jian-sheng Li (Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450008, Henan Province, China E-mail: li_js8@163.com)
3. Su-yun Li (Department of Respiratory Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan Province, China )
4. Yang Xie (Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450008, Henan Province, China )
5. Ming-hang Wang (Department of Respiratory Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan Province, China )
6. Hai-long Zhang (Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450008, Henan Province, China )
7. Hai-feng Wang (Department of Respiratory Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan Province, China )
8. Zhi-wan Wang (Department of Respiratory Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan Province, China )

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health problem worldwide. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an established intervention for the management of patients with COPD. Exercise training is an important part of PR, and its effectiveness in patients with COPD is well established. However, alternative methods of PR training such as Daoyin have not been appropriately studied. Hence, alternative forms of exercise training that require less exercise equipment and no specific training place should be evaluated. This paper describes the study protocol of a clinical trial that aims to determine if pulmonary Daoyin training will improve the exercise capacity and psychosocial function of patients with COPD in China.

METHODS AND DESIGN: A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial will be conducted. A total of 464 patients meeting the inclusion criteria will be enrolled into this study with 232 patients in each of the trial group and the control group. Based on patient education, patients in the trial group will receive pulmonary Daoyin and continue with their usual therapy for three months. In the control group, patients will continue with their usual therapy. The primary outcome measures are exercise capacity assessed by the six-minute walking distance test and lung function. Secondary outcomes include dyspnea and quality of life. Measurements will be taken at baseline (month 0) and after the study period (month 3).

DISCUSSION: It is hypothesized that pulmonary Daoyin will have beneficial effects in improving exercise capacity and psychosocial function of patients with stable COPD, and will provide an alternative form of exercise training that is accessible for the large number of people with COPD.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial has been registered in ClinicalTrials.gov. The identifier is NCT01482000.

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Please cite this article as:
Yu XQ, Li JS, Li SY, Xie Y, Wang MH, Zhang HL, Wang HF, Wang ZW. Functional and psychosocial effects of pulmonary Daoyin on patients with COPD in China: study protocol of a multicenter randomized controlled trial. J Integr Med. 2013; 11(2): 140-146.
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