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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2016, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (6): 473-479.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(16)60272-8

• Research Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Chyawanprash, a formulation of traditional Ayurvedic medicine, shows a protective effect on skin photoaging in hairless mice

Yuki Takaujia, Kyoko Morinoa, Kensuke Mikia,c, Mohammad Hossainb, Dai Ayusawaa,c, Michihiko Fujiia   

  1. a Graduate School of Nanobioscience, Yokohama City University, Kanagawa 236-0027, Japan
    b Department of Biochemistry, Primeasia University, Dhaka 1213, Bangladesh 
    c Ichiban Life Corporation, 1-1-7 Horai-cho, Naka-ku, Yokohama 231-0048, Japan
  • Received:2016-06-16 Accepted:2016-07-24 Online:2016-11-15 Published:2016-11-15
  • Contact: Dr. Michihiko Fujii; E-mail: mifuji@yokohama-cu.ac.jp

Objective

Chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation induces skin photoaging (premature skin aging). UV irradiation generates reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are shown to play a pivotal role in skin photoaging. Ayurveda is a holistic traditional medical system, and Chyawanprash is one of the most popular formulations in Ayurveda. Since maintenance of the function and appearance of skin is important, we examined whether Chyawanprash has a protective effect on skin photoaging.

Methods

To examine the effect of Chyawanprash on skin photoaging, hairless mice were administered with Chyawanprash in drinking water for 3 weeks, and then repeatedly exposed to ultraviolet light B (UVB) irradiation (225 or 450 mJ/cm2) to induce skin photoaging. To further examine the function of Chyawanprash, its effects were examined in cells cultured in vitro. Chyawanprash was added in culture medium, and examined for the effect on the growth of human keratinocytes, and for the ability to eliminate ROS which generated by paraquat (50 μmol/L) in HeLa cells.

Results

UVB irradiation caused symptoms such as rough skin, erythema, and edema on the skin in hairless mice, but administration of Chyawanprash relieved these symptoms. Further, Chyawanprash significantly suppressed epidermal thickening, a typical marker of skin photoaging, in mice. We then analyzed the effect of Chyawanprash in human cells in culture, and found that Chyawanprash enhanced the growth of human keratinocytes, and efficiently eliminated ROS, which are causally involved in skin photoaging, in HeLa cells.

Conclusion

These findings suggested that Chyawanprash may have beneficial effects on slowing skin photoaging.

Key words: Medicine, Ayurvedic, Chyawanprash, Photoaging of skin, Reactive oxygen species

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