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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2006, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (5): 541-543.doi: 10.3736/jcim20060523

• Literature Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Status and progress of application of Chinese herbs in sports medicine

Li Ma, Dong-lian Cai   

  1. Department of Clinical Nutrition, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, ChinaAbstract
  • Online:2006-09-30 Published:2006-09-15

Key words: Chinese herbs, Sports medicine, Ergogenic aids, Antifatigue


中药 使用原因 潜在或已知副作用
红景天 适应原(抗应激)特性,提高耐力和力量 偶有高血压
人参 适应原(抗应激)特性,提高耐力和力量 高血压者不宜服用
麻黄 中枢神经兴奋剂,提高耐力、力量和减肥 不推荐长期及18 岁以下者使用,应在医生指导下使用
冬虫夏草 适应原(抗应激)特性,提高耐力和力量 未见报道
硬直木 雄性激素样作用(促合成代谢) 未见报道
锯叶棕榈浆果 雄性激素样作用(促合成代谢) 偶发胃部不适
五味子 适应原(抗应激)特性,提高耐力和力量 偶出现味觉受抑,胃不适,风疹
刺五加 适应原(抗应激)特性,提高耐力和力量 偶见失眠,高血压者不宜使用
菝葜属 雄性激素样作用(促合成代谢) 刺激胃,可出现暂时性肾损害,与安眠药、洋地黄、糖苷类及铋剂等药物有相互作用
蒺藜 增加睾酮分泌(促合成代谢) 未见报道
块菌 含弱雄性激素(促合成代谢) 未见报道
野燕麦 雄性激素样作用(促合成代谢) 未见报道
野薯蓣属植物 雄性激素样作用(促合成代谢) 未见报道
育亨树皮 α-肾上腺素激动剂,提高男性性功能 不宜长期使用


中药 所含抗氧化成分 作用
茶(绿茶、红茶、乌龙茶) 表儿茶素,茶黄素和黄酮类化合物 抑制低密度脂蛋白氧化
银杏 黄酮苷类,银杏苦内酯 清除超氧化物、羟基、氧化亚氮
大蒜 谷胱甘肽,巯基,硒 抑制脂质过氧化
葡萄皮与葡萄籽提取物 原花青素,白藜芦醇 抑制低密度脂蛋白氧化
水飞蓟 水飞蓟素 抑制低密度脂蛋白氧化
番茄 番茄红素 最有效的单线氧清除剂
金盏花 叶黄素 自由基清除剂
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