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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2010, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (3): 220-223.doi: 10.3736/jcim20100304

Special Issue: Traditional Chinese Medicine

• Original Clinical Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Distribution characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes and their elements in people with subhealth fatigue

 Tian-fang Wanga, Jia-jia Wanga, Xiao-lin Xuea, Ping Hanb, Ya-jing Zhanga,Guan-ru Lia, Xiu-yan Wua,Yan Zhaoa, Li-long Tangc, Yu-yue Liua, Cong-lu Suia, Chen Fua, Yong-mei Shanga, Bo Zhoua   

  1. a School of Preclinical Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
    b Health Examination Center, Beijing Xiaotangshan Hospital, Beijing 102211, China
    c College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China
  • Received:2009-08-25 Accepted:2009-12-10 Online:2010-03-20 Published:2010-03-15


To investigate the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes and their elements in people with subhealth fatigue.

The TCM symptoms in line with the diagnostic criteria of subhealth fatigue status were collected by clinical investigations and using information collection form based on TCM four diagnostic methods. Referred to Clinical Guidelines of Chinese Medicine on Subhealth and other related standards, the syndrome type was identified in accordance with clinical symptoms of each patient with subhealth fatigue by two physicians. The data of syndrome differentiation were analyzed by descriptive statistical analysis.

There were 81 syndrome types from 495 cases of subhealth fatigue. There were 24 syndrome types after separation, and the top ten were liver stagnation and spleen deficiency, stagnation of liver qi, hyperactivity of liver fire, disharmony between liver and stomach, damp obstruction due to spleen deficiency, deficiency of both heart and spleen, yin deficiency of liver and kidney, yang deficiency of spleen and kidney, stagnation of gallbladder and disturbance of phlegm, and internal disturbance of phlegm-heat. There were 17 syndrome elements, including seven disease location elements and ten disease nature elements. The disease location elements were liver, spleen, kidney, stomach, heart, gallbladder and lung. The disease nature elements were qi stagnation, qi deficiency, exuberance of fire (heat), damp obstruction, phlegm obstruction, yin deficiency, adverse flow of qi, yang deficiency, blood deficiency, and blood stasis.

Syndrome types of subhealth fatigue involve in deficiency syndrome, excess syndrome, and mixture of deficiency and excess syndromes. The syndrome elements of disease location involve five zang organs and two fu organs, and the liver and spleen were the most frequently involved organs. The syndrome elements of disease nature involve deficiency and excess. Qi stagnation is most frequently involved in the excess syndrome, and qi deficiency is most frequently involved in the deficiency syndrome.

Key words: Subhealth, Fatigue, Syndrome, Syndrome element

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