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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2013, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (6): 371-376.doi: 10.3736/jintegrmed2013053

• Review •     Next Articles

Ethnobotany and phytopharmacology of Pinus roxburghii Sargent: A plant review

Pawan Kaushik(), Dhirender Kaushik, Sukhbir Lal Khokra   

  1. Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-136119, Haryana, India
  • Received:2013-05-13 Accepted:2013-07-22 Online:2013-11-10 Published:2013-11-15

Traditional medicine is a blend of information gathered over generations from various communities and cultures. Pinus roxburghii Sargent (Pinaceae) commonly known as “chir pine” is widely used in traditional and folkloric systems of medicine. The all parts of the plant are believed to possess medicinal qualities in Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicine. In these traditional systems of medicine, the plant is used to heal many diseases, including afflictions of the eyes, ears, throat, blood, and skin. The plant parts are rich in various bioactive compounds such as α-pinene, abietic acid, quercetin and xanthone. Resin acids and flavanoid form a major portion of these bioactive compounds. This review presents examples of traditional medicinal uses for P. roxburghii, and subsequently explores the current understanding of the chemical, pharmacological, and biochemical properties of the extracts and the main active constituents found in each tissue of the plant. Clinical trial information is also included where available. Careful evaluation of these data may be helpful for scientists and researchers to discover and evaluate the specific chemical entities responsible for the traditional medicinal uses of P. roxburghii.

Key words: Pinus roxburghii Sargeant, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Ethnopharmacology, Review

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