| 1 World Health Organization. Diabetes programme. (2009) [2014-06-18]. 2009) [2014-06-18]. http://www.who.int/diabetes/en/.
2 Wong YCP.
3 American Dietetic Association. Learn about the 2015 Dietary Guidelines. (2015) [2016-04-15]. 2015) [2016-04-15]. http://www. eatright.org/Public/.
4 Kuang DY.Human constitutionology—principles of individualized diagnosis and treatment in traditional Chinese medicine. Taipei: Wen Kuang Publishing Company. 2008. Chinese.
5 Kuang DY.Food therapy for body constitution and healthy life. Hong Kong: Commercial Press. 2012: 16-19. Chinese.
6 Wang Q. Status and prospect of constitutional theory in traditional Chinese medicine.
7 Chan RYP, Chien WT.Concepts of body constitution, health and sub-health from traditional Chinese medicine perspective.
8 World Health Organization. WHO definition of health. (2003) [2014-06-18]. 2003) [2014-06-18]. http://who.int/about/definition/en/ print.html.
9 Wang B.Yellow Empero’s canon of internal medicine. 2nd ed. Translated by Wu NL, Wu AQ. Beijing: China Science & Technology Press. 2010. English-Chinese.
10 Wang D, Song H. Brief discussion of “immunity” and “both Yin and Yang in equilibrium” relation.
11 Zuo YH.Basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine. 5th ed. Shanghai: Shanghai Pujiang Education Press. 2011. English-Chinese.
12 Ao NJ.The substance manifestations of Yin and Yang in traditional Chinese medical science.
13 Hu WZ, Zhu HX, Li WQ, Fan CQ. Characteristics of mental sub-health state population in people of Beijing.
14 Zhou K, Gong WB, Su Q, Chen XB, Wang H. Application of the Chinese body constitution in diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
15 Wong YCP.Body constitution in persons with diabetes mellitus from a perspective of Chinese medicine.
16 Zhang M, Dai XY, Liu Y, Tong PL, Lu QR, Shi YX, Chen YY. Analysis of the Chinese body constitution screening in 1 763 cases.
17 Zhang YY, Zhang HM, Guo DY, Wei X, Lin BR. Body constitution characteristics of ischemic stroke in 168 cases.
18 Liu H, Zhang HJ, Tian JZ, Yan L, Chang SL, Zhou W, Yu XG, Sheng T, Chen B. Investigation into constitutions of patients with vascular dementia.
19 Sun Y, Tong PJ, Xiao LW. Study on correlation between postmenopausal osteoporosis and TCM constitution of patients.
20 Liao Y, Wang Q. A few questions related to dampness-heat body constitution research.
21 Russo VR.
22 Zhao X, Chen JX, Wang LM, Cui HT, Cui HZ, Kang CJ. The thinking on sub-health status and the relationship between disease and syndrome.
23 Niu BY. Study of the body constitution in patients with simple obesity.
24 Wang Q. Traditional Chinese medicine will make new contributions to mankind in treating sub-health conditions in the 21th century.
25 Tan MQ, Wu FW. Clinical study on metabolic syndrome of Chinese medicine.
26 Zhao JX, Ding YJ, Wang YH, Li J. Trinity of physique differentiation, diagnosis of disease and syndrome differentiation and clinical practice of diabetes.
27 Chen S, Sun W, Sun HY, Zhan Q. Study of 157 clinical cases of Yang-deficiency in diabetes mellitus.
28 Si FC, Li YN. Chinese constitution distributions in diabetes mellitus and drug regulation distributions.
29 Yu QY, Zhang DX, Yang JX, Wang YZ. Survey and study on TCM syndromes of diabetes mellitus.
30 Wong PYC, Pang SMC, Chan RYP.Empirical analysis of body constitution and food intake in persons with type 2 diabetes from a TCM perspective.
31 Wong YC, Pang MC.Initial validation of the Yin-Yang assessment questionnaire for persons with diabetes mellitus.
32 Chen B. The syndrome characteristics of senile diabetes.
33 Li JH. Typing 203 cases of diabetes B by means of TCM differentiation of syndromes.
34 Yu XQ, Li JS, Chen XX. Analysis of the syndrome differentiation in 233 cases with diabetes.
35 Peng YL, Yuan XJ. Syndrome differentiation of TCM in diabetes.
36 Ruan JY, Zhang GJ.
37 Xiong MQ, Zhu ZZ.Study progress of the insulin resistance in the treatment of diabetes of traditional Chinese medicine.
38 Toner F, Claros E.Preventing, assessing, and managing constipation in older adults.
39 Ueno N, Inui A, Satoh Y.The effect of mosapride citrate on constipation in patients with diabetes.
40 Bytzer P, Talley NJ, Hammer J, Young LJ, Jones MP, Horowitz M.GI symptoms in diabetes mellitus are associated with both poor glycemic control and diabetic complications.
41 Wang CH, Wang HD.
42 Wang Q. Understanding your constitution for fitness and health. New Taipei City: Yuen Wah.2013. Chinese.
43 Lin L, Cai XH. A study on the theory of Yin and Yang from the perspective of modern medicine.
44 von der Ohe MR. Diarrhoea in patients with diabetes mellitus.
45 Virally-Monod M, Tielmans D, Kevorkian JP, Bouhnik Y, Flourie B, Porokhov B, Ajzenberg C, Warnet A, Guillausseau PJ.Chronic diarrhoea and diabetes mellitus: prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.
46 Lee S, Park J, Lee H, Kim K.Development and validation of Yin-deficiency questionnaire.
47 Wang HL, Guo SH, Chou HF, Chen LM, Chen LL, Lin WT. Reliability and validity evaluation of the traditional Chinese medicine Yang-Xu constitutional questionnaire on pregnant women.
48 Shen CZ.
49 American Diabetes Association.Standards of medical care in diabetes—2008.Diabetes Care. 2008; 31(Suppl 1): S12-S54.
50 Diabetes UK. Healthy eating. (2009) [2012-11-23]. 2009) [2012-11-23]. http:// www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Food_and_recipes/ Eating-well-with-Type-2-diabetes/About-carbohydrate/.
51 Haimoto H, Iwata M, Wakai K, Umegaki H.Long-term effects of a diet loosely restricting carbohydrates on HbA1c levels, BMI and tapering of sulfonylureas in type 2 diabetes: a 2-year follow-up study.
52 Nielsen JV, Joensson EA.Low-carbohydrate diet in type 2 diabetes: stable improvement of body weight and glycemic control during 44 months follow-up.
53 Brynes AE, Lee JL, Brighton RE, Leeds AR, Dornhorst A, Frost GS.A low glycemic diet significantly improves the 24-h blood glucose profile in people with type 2 diabetes, as assessed using the continuous glucose MiniMed monitor.
54 American Diabetes Association.Executive summary: standards of medical care in diabetes—2014.
55 Sherzai A, Heim LT, Boothby C, Sherzai AD.Stroke, food groups, and dietary patterns: a systematic review.
56 Howard BV, Van Horn L, Hsia J, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Kuller LH, LaCroix AZ, Langer RD, Lasser NL, Lewis CE, Limacher MC, Margolis KL, Mysiw WJ, Ockene JK, Parker LM, Perri MG, Phillips L, Prentice RL, Robbins J, Rossouw JE, Sarto GE, Schatz IJ, Snetselaar LG, Stevens VJ, Tinker LF, Trevisan M, Vitolins MZ, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Bassford T, Beresford SA, Black HR, Brunner RL, Brzyski RG, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Gass M, Granek I, Greenland P, Hays J, Heber D, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Hubbell FA, Johnson KC, Kotchen JM. Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial.
57 Thomas DE, Elliott EJ, Baur L. Low glycaemic index or low glycaemic load diets for overweight and obesity.
58 Zhang ED, Chen SY. Approach of the essence and the clinical significance on body constitution differentiation in TCM.
59 Zhu YB. Constitutional classification and comprehensive evaluation in Chinese medicine.
60 Kuang DY. New version of human body constitution.
61 Zhang R, Niu L, Song JP, Shen J, Xu YL. A brief probe on the relation between diet and constitution.
62 Liu YJ, Song SY, Tian FL, Jia YS, Zhao MJ. The progress of the study on the food therapy of Chinese medicine in diabetes.
63 Kuang DY. Outline of the constitutional food-adjusting theory.
64 Zhang YS. The properties and tastes of food for health.
65 Law MP, Chuh AA, Molinari N, Lee A.An investigation of the association between diet and occurrence of acne: a rational approach from a traditional Chinese medicine perspective.
66 Shen C, Pang SM, Kwong EW, Cheng Z.The effect of Chinese food therapy on community dwelling Chinese hypertensive patients with Yin-deficiency.
67 Ni SM, Jin GL.Chinese food therapy. Beijing: China Press of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2004. Chinese.
68 Zhang LH, Dai M, Yuan XY. Analyze characteristics of master of a state hospital BAN Xiu-wen’s food therapy.
69 Dang Y, Peng Y, Li WK.
70 Yuan ZJ. Regulation method of Yang-deficiency constitution and Yin-deficiency constitution and cases of Professor WANG Qi.
71 Cui LX, Zhu LP. Understanding of the Chinese dietary therapy in regulation of yin-deficiency in 136 cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
72 Torsell P.How to regulate Yin and Yang through diet?
73 Wei QJ. The thought of “He” of the mass-dietetic life in Chinese history: diet balance and health.
74 Jennings J, Cheng M.Does eating a raw food diet cause spleen qi deficiency?
75 Wong YC. Experts see patients: the triumph over diabetes, treatment, care and dietary medicinal in Chinese medicine.Hong Kong: Baptist Chinese Pharmaceuticals Research,Hong Kong Baptist University, Man Lei Books Publisher.2009. Chinese.
76 Ye Q.A new version of Chinese herbal food. Guangzhou: Guangdong Higher Education Press. 1999. Chinese.
77 Huang YY, Tang EQ, Sang XS. Discussion on bitterness in
78 Kuang DY, Zhang WR, Ding YF, Xu FX, He YM, Li W, Sun AZ, Shi YH, Xue HJ, Yang Z, Lu LW, Qian RH, Ma ZL, Gu WC, Shen Y, Xiao Y, Zhang J. Study on cold and hot constitutions.
79 Lin XP. Dietary therapy for body constitution as preventive measure for children with infected respiratory system.
80 Chao DP, Chen JJ, Huang SY, Tyan CC, Hsieh CL, Sheen LY.Effects of hot and cold foods on signals of heart rate variability and nail fold microcirculation of healthy young humans: a pilot study.
81 Qiao HZ, Xing HX, Xu H, Zhang LH, Ning Q, Huang WT, Gui YZ, Cai YF. An investigation on the traditional Chinese medicine constitution of1232 patients with slight or moderate primary hypertension in Lianyungang area.
|||Mohadeseh Ostovar, Abolfazl Akbari, Mohammad Hossein Anbardar, Aida Iraji, Mohsen Salmanpour, Salar Hafez Ghoran, Mojtaba Heydari, Mesbah Shams. Effects of Citrullus colocynthis L. in a rat model of diabetic neuropathy. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(1): 59-67.|
|||Olakunle Bamikole Afolabi, Omotade Ibidun Oloyede, Shadrack Oludare Agunbiade. Inhibitory potentials of phenolic-rich extracts from Bridelia ferruginea on two key carbohydrate-metabolizing enzymes and Fe2+-induced pancreatic oxidative stress. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2018, 16(3): 192-198.|
|||Chun-song Hu, Tengiz Tkebuchava. SEEDi1.0-3.0 strategies for major noncommunicable diseases in China. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2017, 15(4): 265-269.|
|||Uduak Akpan Okon, Idorenyin Udo Umoren. Comparison of antioxidant activity of insulin, Ocimum gratissimum L., and Vernonia amygdalina L. in type 1 diabetic rat model. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2017, 15(4): 302-309.|
|||Nazli Samadi, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Masoud Rahmanian, Mohsen Askarishahi. Effects of bee propolis supplementation on glycemic control, lipid profile and insulin resistance indices in patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomized, double-blind clinical trial. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2017, 15(2): 124-134.|
|||Ausanee Wanchai, Duangjai Phrompayak. Use of complementary and alternative medicine among Thai patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2016, 14(4): 297-305.|
|||Sulaiman Al-Eidi, SalwaTayel, Fatima Al-Slail, Naseem Akhtar Qureshi, Imen Sohaibani, Mohamed Khalil, Abdullah Mohammad Al-Bedah. Knowledge, attitude and practice of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus towards complementary and alternative medicine. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2016, 14(3): 187-196.|
|||Mohammad Hashem Hashempur, Mojtaba Heydari, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Seyyed Taghi Heydari, Mesbah Shams. Complementary and alternative medicine use in Iranian patients with diabetes mellitus. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2015, 13(5): 319-325.|
|||Chen Ling, Yuan Wang, Ying-lu Feng, Ya-ni Zhang, Jun Li, Xin-rui Hu, Li-na Wang, Mao-feng Zhong, Xiao-feng Zhai, Irene Zolotukhin, Arun SrivastavaChang-quan Ling. Prevalence of neutralizing antibodies against liver-tropic adeno-associated virus serotype vectors in 100 healthy Chinese and its potential relation to body constitutions. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2015, 13(5): 341-346.|
|||Ahmad Ghorbani. Clinical and experimental studies on polyherbal formulations for diabetes: Current status and future prospective. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2014, 12(4): 336-345.|
|||Qian Zhang, Xin-hua Xiao, Ming Li, Wen-hui Li, Miao Yu, Hua-bing Zhang, Fan Ping, Zhi-xin Wang, Jia Zheng . Chromium-containing traditional Chinese medicine, Tianmai Xiaoke Tablet improves blood glucose through activating insulin-signaling pathway and inhibiting PTP1B and PCK2 in diabetic rats. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2014, 12(3): 162-170.|
|||Rajadurai Akilen, Zeller Pimlott, Amalia Tsiami, Nicola Robinson. The use of complementary and alternative medicine by individuals with features of metabolic syndrome. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2014, 12(3): 171-174.|
|||Hai-li Jiang, Jing-jing Ni, Wei-fei Zhang, Wen-jin Huang, Ming-yue Zhou, Wen-jun Sha, Jun-yan Li, Fu-feng Li, Zhu Ting, Xin Xia, Jun Zhang, Yuan-dong Shen, Li-gang Zhou. The role of central nervous system on hypoglycemia and the feasibility of the brain theory in traditional Chinese medicine on treatment of diabetes mellitus. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2014, 12(1): 1-6.|
|||Dilpesh Jain, Manish Kumar Bansal, Rahul Dalvi, Aman Upganlawar, Rahul Somani. Protective effect of diosmin against diabetic neuropathy in experimental rats. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2014, 12(1): 35-41.|
|||Abdullah Bamosa. Nigella sativa is a safe herbal product. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2014, 12(1): 66-66.|