Search JIM Advanced Search

Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2015, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 215-216.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(15)60168-6

• Letter to the Editor • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Episiotomy is obsolete: Cinnamon gel applied after episiotomy endangers lives

Judy Slome Cohain   

  1. Department of Maternal and Fetal Medicine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
  • Received:2014-12-07 Accepted:2015-01-30 Online:2015-07-10 Published:2015-07-15

Key words: Episiotomy, Cinnamon, Women’s health

[1] Thacker SB, Banta HD . Benefits and risks of episiotomy: an interpretative review of the English language literature, 1860-1980[J]. Obstet Gynecol Surv, 1983,38(6):322-338
doi: 10.1300/J013v07n03_11 pmid: 7168187
[2] Eason E, Labrecque M, Marcoux S, Mondor M . Anal incontinence after childbirth[J]. CMAJ, 2002,166(3):326-330
doi: 10.1001/jama.287.5.641 pmid: 11868640
[3] Aikins Murphy P, Feinland JB . Perineal outcomes in a home birth setting[J]. Birth, 1998,25(4):226-234
doi: 10.1046/j.1523-536X.1998.00226.x pmid: 9892890
[4] Albers LL, Sedler KD, Bedrick EJ, Teaf D, Peralta P . Factors related to genital tract trauma in normal spontaneous vaginal births[J]. Birth, 2006,33(2):94-100
doi: 10.1111/j.0730-7659.2006.00085.x pmid: 16732773
[5] Cohain JS . Episiotomy, hospital birth and cesarean section: technology gone haywire — what is the sutured tear rate at first births supposed to be? Midwifery Today Int Midwife. 2008; ( 85):24-25.
[6] The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG recommends restricted use of episiotomies. ( 2006 -03-31) [2015-02-08].
[7] Sentilhes L, Gillard P, Descamps P, Fournié A . Indications and prerequisites for operative vaginal delivery: when, how and where? J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2008; 37(Suppl 8): S188-S201. French with abstract in English.
doi: 10.1016/S0368-2315(08)74757-4
[8] Mohammadi A, Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi S, Mirghafourvand M, Javadzadeh Y, Fardiazar Z, Effati-Daryani F . Effects of cinnamon on perineal pain and healing of episiotomy: a randomized placebo-controlled trial[J]. J Integr Med, 2014,12(4):359-366
doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(14)60025-X
[9] Kovavisarach E, Jirasettasiri P . Randomised controlled trial of perineal shaving versus hair cutting in parturients on admission in labor[J]. J Med Assoc Thai, 2005,88(9):1167-1171
[10] Kamel A, Khaled M . Episiotomy and obstetric perineal wound dehiscence: beyond soreness[J]. J Obstet Gynaecol, 2014,34(3):215-217
doi: 10.3109/01443615.2013.866080 pmid: 24484355
[11] Lynch CM, Pinelli DM, Cruse CW, Spellacy WN, Sinnott JT, Shashy RG . Maternal death from postpartum necrotizing fasciitis arising in an episiotomy: a case report[J]. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol, 1997,5(5):341-344
doi: 10.1155/S1064744997000598 pmid: 370
No related articles found!
Full text



[1] Li Zhou, Hong-xing Zhang, Ling-guang Liu, Wen-jun Wan. Effect of electro-acupuncture at Fenglong (GV 16) on nitric oxide and endothelin in rats with hyperlipidemia. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 89-92
[2] Daniel Weber, Janelle M Wheat, Geoffrey M Currie. Inflammation and cancer: Tumor initiation, progression and metastasis,and Chinese botanical medicines. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1006-1013
[3] Ying Xu , Chang-chun Zeng , Xiu-yu Cai , Rong-ping Guo , Guang Nie , Ying Jin. Chromaticity and optical spectrum colorimetry of the tongue color in different syndromes of primary hepatic carcinoma. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1263-1271
[4] Xiang-ying Mao , Qin Bian , Zi-yin Shen. Analysis of the osteogenetic effects exerted on mesenchymal stem cell strain C3H10T1/2 by icariin via MAPK signaling pathway in vitro. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1272-1278
[5] Li-fang Wang, Jin-feng Wang, Wei-fang Jin, Hong-fu Wang, Shao-fen Zhang, Jian-jun Gao. Effects of daidzein on steroid receptor coactivator-1 expression in MC3T3-E1 cells and the mechanism. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2011, 9(11): 1248-1253
[6] Le-qin Xu, Xiao-feng Li , You-wei Zhang , Bing Shu , Qi Shi, Yong-jun Wang, Chong-jian Zhou. Effects of Chinese herbal medicine Yiqi Huayu Recipe on apoptosis of dorsal root ganglion neurons and expression of caspase-3 in rats with lumbar nerve root compression. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(12): 1174-1179
[7] Liang-ping Hu, Xiao-lei Bao, Xue Guan, Shi-guo Zhou. Estimation of sample size and testing power (Part 3). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2011, 9(12): 1307-1311
[8] Jian-sheng Li, Su-yun Li, Xue-qing Yu, Yang Xie. Bufei Yishen Granule combined with acupoint-sticking therapy in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Study protocol of a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled trial. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2011, 9(12): 1312-1318
[9] Wei Zhang, Hai-yu Liu. Variabilities of the impacts of cold pathogen and cold-dampness pathogen on fractalkine mRNA expression in lung tissues of rats. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(2): 171-174
[10] Yong-hong Li, Zong-wen Huang, Ping Xue, Jia Guo, Fu-qian He, Zheng You, Zheng-rong Wang. Effects of Chaiqin Chengqi Decoction on activation of nuclear factor-κB in pancreas of rats with acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(2): 180-184