Search JIM Advanced Search

Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2016, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (6): 480-484.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(16)60283-2

• Research Article • Previous Articles    

China's growing contribution to military Chinese medicine (2005-2014): A ten-year literature survey

Zheng Gana, Ge-liang Yanga, Yi-fu Fan, Hong-yun Chen, Wei Gu, Chang-quan Ling   

  1. Changhai Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2016-07-21 Accepted:2016-09-11 Online:2016-11-15 Published:2016-11-15
  • Contact: Wei Gu, Associate Professor, MD; E-mail: Chang-quan Ling, Professor, MD;;Zheng Gan and Ge-liang Yang contributed to this work equally.


In China, people have relied on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for thousands of years to keep healthy and treat diseases. TCM also plays an important role in military health services and now forms a new discipline called military Chinese medicine (MCM). However, the type, quality and focus of research articles about MCM have not been reported. The present study was performed to analyze the growing trends of MCM and investigate China's contribution to military health services.


China's MCM publications were retrieved from the PubMed database, as well as China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data and Chongqing VIP database from 2005 to 2014.


The study found that the number of published articles increased markedly from 2005 to 2014. Basic research studies comprised a small percentage of the literature. Among these studies, military training injury and special military environmental medicine were the most common research subjects in MCM. Military hospitals were the main institutions generating MCM literature.


The quality of MCM research is generally low, as indicated by the proportion of publications in core journals. Studies on MCM still lack high-quality publications and international cooperation.

Key words: Medicine, Chinese traditional, Military Chinese medicine, Literature survey

1 Ling CQ, Wang LN, Wang Y, Zhang YH, Yin ZF, Wang M, Ling C.The roles of traditional Chinese medicine in gene therapy. J Integr Med. 2014; 12(2): 67-75.
2 Li XQ, Tao KM, Zhou QH, Ling CQ.Scientifi c publications from mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong in integrative and complementary medicine journals: a tenyear literature survey. Am J Chin Med. 2011; 39(4): 639-649.
3 Lai D, Chappell N.Use of traditional Chinese medicine by older Chinese immigrants in Canada. Fam Pract.2007; 24(1): 56-64.
4 Kav S, Hanoglu Z, Algier L.Use of complementary and alternative medicine by cancer patients in Turkey: a literature review.Uhod-Uluslar Hematol. 2008; 18(1): 32-38.
5 Lee RT, Barbo A, Lopez G, Melhem-Bertrandt A, Lin H, Olopade OI, Curlin FA.National survey of US oncologists’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice patterns regarding herb and supplement use by patients with cancer.J Clin Oncol. 2014; 32(36): 4095-4104.
6 Hinman RS, McCrory P, Pirotta M, Relf I, Forbes A, Crossley KM, Williamson E, Kyriakides M, Novy K, Metcalf BR, Harris A, Reddy P, Conaghan PG, Bennell KL. Acupuncture for chronic knee pain: a randomized clinical trial.JAMA. 2014; 312(13): 1313-1322.
7 Ling CQ, Zhu DZ, Gu W. Military Chinese Medicine.Shanghai: Second Military Medical University Press. 2014: 1-14.
8 Meier PC, Rogers C.The need for traditional Chinese medicine morbidity research. Complement Ther Med. 2007; 15(4): 284-288.
9 Fan AY.“Obamacare” covers fifty-four million Americans for acupuncture as essential healthcare benefit. J Integr Med. 2014; 12(4): 390-393.
10 Yao X, Li D, Pei G.In focus: molecular and cell biology research in China.Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2013; 14(9): 600-606.
11 Jia ZJ, Hong B, Chen DM, Huang QH, Yang ZG, Yin C, Deng XQ, Liu JM.China’s growing contribution to global intracranial aneurysm research (1991-2012): a bibliometric study. PLoS One. 2014; 9(3): e91594.
12 Kotov NA.Fraud, the h-index, and Pasternak. ACS Nano.2010; 4(2): 585-586.
[1] Tara Rajendran. Addressing the need for personalizing music therapy in integrative oncology. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(4): 281-283.
[2] Wan-jun Guo, Yi Wang, Yu Deng, Lin-yan Cheng, Xin Liu, Ruo-fan Xi, Sheng-jie Zhu, Xin-yi Feng, Liang Hua, Kan Ze, Jian-yong Zhu, Dong-jie Guo, Fu-lun Li. Therapeutic effects of the extract of Sancao Formula, a Chinese herbal compound, on imiquimod-induced psoriasis via cysteine-rich protein 61. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(4): 376-384.
[3] Cai-lian Fana, Wan-jun Caib, Meng-nan Ye, Miao Chen, Yi Dai. Qili Qiangxin, a compound herbal medicine formula, alleviates hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced apoptotic and autophagic cell death via suppression of ROS/AMPK/mTOR pathway in vitro. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(4): 365-375.
[4] Shang-jin Song, Xuan Liu, Qing Ji, Da-zhi Sun, Li-juan Xiu, Jing-yu Xu, Xiao-qiang Yue. Ziyin Huatan Recipe, a Chinese herbal compound, inhibits migration and invasion of gastric cancer by upregulating RUNX3 expression. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(4): 355-364.
[5] Vibha Malhotra, Joanna Harnett, Erica McIntyre, Amie Steel, Keith Wong, Bandana Saini. To “tell or not to tell”—Exploring disclosure about medicine use by people living with sleep disorders. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(4): 338-347.
[6] Maryam Azimi, Hanieh Niayesh, Mahboobeh Raeiszadeh, Sedigheh Khodabandeh-shahraki. Efficacy of the herbal formula of Foeniculum vulgare and Rosa damascena on elderly patients with functional constipation: A double-blind randomized controlled tria. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(3): 230-236.
[7] Marisa Casal. Improving the health and treatment success rates of in vitro fertilization patients with traditional chinese medicine: need for more robust evidence and innovative approaches. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(3): 187-192.
[8] Ning Guo, Fei Wu, Mei Wu, Yuan Wang, Qing Lang, Xiao Lin, Yi Feng. Progress in the design and quality control of placeboes for clinical trials of traditional Chinese medicine . Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(3): 204-212.
[9] Tareq A. Wani, Zahoor A. Kaloo, Nisar A. Dangroo. Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. ex Royle: A critically endangered medicinal herb with rich potential for use in medicine. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(2): 104-113.
[10] Mohammad Fazil, Sadia Nikhat. Why the “sugars” in traditional Unani formulations are a pivotal component: A viewpoint perspective. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(2): 91-95.
[11] Yan-jun Lin, Kun-li Jiao, Bo Liu, Lu Fang, Shu Meng. Antiplatelet and myocardial protective effect of shexiang tongxin dropping pill in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(2): 126-134.
[12] Deng-chao Wang, Miao Yu, Wen-xian Xie, Li-yan Huang, Jian Wei, Yue-hua Lei. Meta-analysis on the effect of combining Lianhua Qingwen with Western medicine to treat coronavirus disease 2019. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(1): 26-33.
[13] Mahlagha Dehghan, Alireza Ghanbari, Fatemeh Ghaedi Heidari, Parvin Mangalian, Mohammad Ali Zakerid. Use of complementary and alternative medicine in general population during COVID-19 outbreak: A survey in Iran. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(1): 45-51.
[14] Jose Antonio Castilla-Jimena, Isabel Ruiz-Pérez, Jesús Henares-Montiel. Impact of socioeconomic and health-related factors on consumption of homeopathic and natural remedies in Spain in 2006, 2011 and 2017. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(1): 52-56.
[15] Ofer Baranovitch, Meirav Wolff-Bar, Meora Feinmesser, Chen Sade-Zaltz, Ilan Tsarfaty, Victoria Neiman. Searching for the emotional roots of breast cancer: A cross-disciplinary analysis integrating psychology, Chinese medicine, and oncology biomarkers. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(1): 57-64.
Full text



[1] Dong Yang, Yong-ping Du, Qing Shen, Wei Chen, Yan Yu, Guang-lei Chen. Expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin in renal tubulointerstitium in patients with kidney collateral stasis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 41-44
[2] Hai-feng Wei, Bai-liu Ya, Ling Zhao, Cui-fei Ye, Li Zhang, Lin Li. Evaluation of tongue manifestation of blood stasis syndrome and its relationship with blood rheological disorder in a rat model of transient brain ischemia. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 73-76
[3] Xi Lin, Jian-ping Liu. Herbal medicines for viral myocarditis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 76
[4] Xi Lin, Jian-ping Liu. Tai chi for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 82
[5] Liang-ping Hu, Hui Gao. Discrimination of errors in statistical analysis of medical papers published in the first issue of 2006 in Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 98-106
[6] Yan-bo Zhu , Qi Wang, Cheng-yu Wu, Guo-ming Pang, Jian-xiong Zhao, Shi-lin Shen, Zhong-yuan Xia , Xue Yan . Logistic regression analysis on relationships between traditional Chinese medicine constitutional types and overweight or obesity. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1023-1035
[7] Wei Xu, Meng Shi, Jian-gang Liu, Cheng-long Wang . Collagen protein expressions in ischemic myocardium of rats with acute myocardial infarction and effects of qi-tonifying, yin-tonifying and blood-activating herbs and detoxifying and blood-activating herbs. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1041-1047
[8] Tao Wang , Feng Qin. Effects of Chinese herbal medicine Xiaoyao Powder on monoamine neurotransmitters in hippocampus of rats with postpartum depression. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1075-1079
[9] Ying Xu , Chang-chun Zeng , Xiu-yu Cai , Rong-ping Guo , Guang Nie , Ying Jin. Chromaticity and optical spectrum colorimetry of the tongue color in different syndromes of primary hepatic carcinoma. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1263-1271
[10] Xiang-ying Mao , Qin Bian , Zi-yin Shen. Analysis of the osteogenetic effects exerted on mesenchymal stem cell strain C3H10T1/2 by icariin via MAPK signaling pathway in vitro. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1272-1278