Medicine, Chinese traditional,Letrozole,Polycystic ovary syndrome,Meta-analysis," /> Medicine, Chinese traditional,Letrozole,Polycystic ovary syndrome,Meta-analysis,"/> Effectiveness of co-treatment with traditional Chinese medicine and letrozole for polycystic ovary syndrome: A meta-analysis
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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2017, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (2): 95-101.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(17)60320-0

Special Issue: Traditional Chinese Medicine

• Systematic Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effectiveness of co-treatment with traditional Chinese medicine and letrozole for polycystic ovary syndrome: A meta-analysis

Qian-wen Maa,b, Yong Tana   

  1. aThe First Clinical Medical College, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu Province, China 
    b Department of Gynecology, Zhenjiang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhenjiang 212003,Jiangsu Province, China
  • Received:2016-09-03 Accepted:2016-11-15 Online:2017-03-15 Published:2017-03-15
  • Contact: Yong Tan; E-mail: nzyszy@163.com
  • Supported by:
    This research was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81373683).

Background

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disease that affects gynecological health. Treatment of PCOS remains a big challenge for clinicians.

Objective

This meta-analysis was developed to compare the efficacy of co-treatment with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and letrozole against letrozole monotherapy in the treatment of PCOS.

Search strategy

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were electronically retrieved from PubMed, Cochrane Library, China Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang Data; related papers that were not available electronically were manually checked. All papers were assessed according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and the valid data were analyzed using Revman software (The Cochrane Collaboration, Copenhagen, Denmark).

Inclusion criteria

We included RCTs that compared co-treatment with TCM and letrozole against letrozole monotherapy in women with PCOS, which was defined by anovulation, biochemical or clinical hyperandrogenemia and polycystic ovaries. We included trials from all sources.

Data extraction and analysis

Two independent reviewers extracted data, and evaluated study quality according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions criteria for RCT, including issues of patient randomization, blinding and bias.

Results

Eight RCTs, involving a total of 537 patients, were included in the present study. The meta-analysis showed that the cycle ovulation rate, the pregnancy rate and the total effective rate of symptom treatment were higher in treatments combining TCM with letrozole, compared with letrozole monotherapy. Although the rate of luteinizing hormone (LH)/follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and the body mass index of the group receiving combined therapy were lower than in letrozole monotherapy, no statistical difference was found in the LH and FSH level between the two groups.

Conclusion

Available evidence showed that co-treatment with TCM and letrozole was more effective than letrozole monotherapy in the treatment of PCOS.

Key words: Medicine, Chinese traditional, Letrozole, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Meta-analysis

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