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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2019, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 66-70.doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2018.12.002

• Original Experimental Research • Previous Articles    

Effects of Tualang honey in modulating nociceptive responses at the spinal cord in offspring of prenatally stressed rats

Che Badariah Abd Aziz a(), Siti Qusyasyiah Ahmad Suhaimi a, Hidani Hasim a, Asma Hayati Ahmad a, Idris Long b, Rahimah Zakaria a   

  1. a Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
    b School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Received:2018-01-31 Accepted:2018-10-15 Online:2019-01-15 Published:2019-05-18

Objective
This study was done to determine whether Tualang honey could prevent the altered nociceptive behaviour, with its associated changes of oxidative stress markers and morphology of the spinal cord, among the offspring of prenatally stressed rats.
Methods
Pregnant rats were divided into three groups: control, stress, and stress treated with Tualang honey. The stress and stress treated with Tualang honey groups were subjected to restraint stress from day 11 of pregnancy until delivery. Ten week old male offspring (n?=?9 from each group) were given formalin injection and their nociceptive behaviours were recorded. After 2?h, the rats were sacrificed, and their spinal cords were removed to assess oxidative stress activity and morphology. Nociceptive behaviour was analysed using repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA), while the levels of oxidative stress parameters and number of Nissl-stained neurons were analysed using a one-way ANOVA.
Results
This study demonstrated that prenatal stress was associated with increased nociceptive behaviour, changes in the oxidative stress parameters and morphology of the spinal cord of offspring exposed to prenatal stress; administration of Tualang honey reduced the alteration of these parameters.
Conclusion
This study provides a preliminary understanding of the beneficial effects of Tualang honey against the changes in oxidative stress and neuronal damage in the spinal cord of the offspring of prenatally stressed rats.

Key words: Prenatal stress, Nociceptive responses, Tualang honey, Spinal cord

[1] Li-hong Fan, Kun-zheng Wang, Bin Cheng. Protective effects of ginkgo leaf extracts on neurons in spinal cord after ischemia-reperfusion injury in rabbits. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2006, 4(2): 181-184.
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