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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2020, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (1): 80-85.doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2019.11.001

• Original Experimental Research • Previous Articles    

Evaluation of antiplasmodial properties in 15 selected traditional medicinal plants from India

Yogesh Subhash Biradara, Swathi Bodupallyb, Harish Padhc   

  1. a Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Bharat School of Pharmacy, Mangalpally, Ibrahimpatnam, Hyderabad 501510, Telangana, India
    b Department of Pharm D. Bharat School of Pharmacy, Mangalpally, Ibrahimpatnam, Hyderabad 501510, Telangana, India
    c Department of Biotechnology, B. V. Patel Pharmaceutical Education and Research Development Centre, Thaltej-Gandhinagar Highway, Thaltej, Ahmedabad 380054, Gujarat, India
  • Online:2020-01-15 Published:2019-11-15

Objective

The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antiplasmodial properties against malaria parasite in 15 plants mentioned in Indian traditional medicine texts.


Methods

In vitro antiplasmodial activity of methanolic extracts obtained from Indian traditional medicinal plants was evaluated on Plasmodium falciparum of FCK2 and INDO strains using schizont maturation inhibition assay and parasite lactate dehydrogenase inhibition assay.


Results

Methanolic extracts of Adhatoda zeylanica, Embelia ribes, Piper nigrum and Plumbago zeylanica exhibited more than 50% inhibition in both the stains in schizont maturation inhibition asaay. Methanolic extracts of seven medicinal plants exhibited antiplasmodial activity at half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) ? 100 μg/mL, and methanolic extracts of five medicinal plants exhibited antiplasmodial activity at IC50 ? 50 μg/mL in P. falciparum lactate dehydrogenase (PfLDH) inhibition assay. A. zeylanica, E. ribes and P. nigrum exhibited promising antiplasmodial activity in PfLDH inhibition assay. A. zeylanica and E. ribes exhibited improved activity against resistant in comparison to sensitive strain.


Conclusion

A. zeylanica and E. ribes were the most promising extracts from this study and deserve further investigation of their antiplasmodial properties.

Key words: Medicinal plants, Plasmodium falciparum, Schizont maturation inhibition assay, Lactate dehydrogenase inhibition assay, Cytotoxicity

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