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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2019, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (2): 93-99.doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2019.01.001

• Original Clinical Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Integrative herbal treatments of diabetes in Beni Mellal region of Morocco

Hanae Naceiri Mrabti a, Nidal Jaradat b, Mohamed Reda Kachmar c, Abdelaziz Ed-Dra d, Abdelilah Ouahbi c, Yahia Cherrah a, Moulay El Abbes Faouzi a   

  1. a Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Pharmacokinetic Team, Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Université Mohammed V-Souissi, Rabat 10056, Morocco
    b Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, P.O. Box 7, Palestine
    c Faculty of Sciences, Health and Environment Laboratory, Plant Protection Team, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, BP 11201-Zitoune, Morocco
    d Faculty of Science, Team of Microbiology and Health, Laboratory of Chemistry-Biology Applied to the Environment, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, BP 11201-Zitoune, Morocco
  • Received:2018-08-05 Accepted:2018-11-05 Online:2019-03-06 Published:2019-05-17

Diabetes is one of the most life-threatening chronic metabolic disorders and is considered a global health problem due to its prevalence and incidence. In Morocco, several herbal preparations are utilized to treat this disease. For this reason, the current study aimed to identify and to collect data about the medicinal plants utilized in folk medicine for the treatment of diabetes in the Beni Mellal region of Morocco.
An ethnobotanical survey was carried out among 400 herbalists, competent villagers and traditional healers from the Beni Mellal region through direct interviews using a semistructured questionnaire.
Forty-five medicinal plants belonging to 25 families were identified for their use in diabetes treatment. Interview results showed that the most frequently used plants were Olea europaeaSalvia officinalisAllium sativum and Trigonella foenum-graecum, with a relative frequency of citation values of 24.3%, 23.0%, 22.5% and 20.5%, respectively. Moreover, in this study, the Fabaceae family was the most commonly reported plant family, and the leaves and roots were the most commonly used parts, for the treatment of diabetes.
The Beni Mellal region of Morocco has an important floristic biodiversity of plants used to treat diabetes in traditional medicinal practice. This result provides a good database for pharmacological screenings in the search for plant-based antidiabetic medications.

Key words: Integrative medicine, Medicinal plants, Diabetes, Beni Mellal, Morocco, Questionnaire

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