Search JIM Advanced Search

Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2013, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (5): 314-319.doi: 10.3736/jintegrmed2013044

• Research Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Difference between the effects of one-site and three-site abdominal hot-stone stimulation on the skin-temperature changes of the lower limbs

Hiroshi Kugea,b, Hidetoshi Moria, Tim Hideaki Tanakaa(), Kazuyo Hanyuc, Tateyuki Morisawac   

  1. a. Department of Health, Faculty of Health Science, Tsukuba University of Technology, 4-12-7 Kasuga,Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki, 305-8521, Japan
    b. Department of Anesthesiology, Osaka Medical College Hospital, 2-7 Daigakumachi, Takatsuki-shi,Osaka, 569-8686, Japan
    c. Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba-shi,Ibaraki, 305-8572, Japan
  • Received:2013-02-23 Accepted:2013-07-15 Online:2013-09-10 Published:2013-09-15

Objective

To determine whether any difference exists in the skin-temperature responses of the lower limbs to hot-stone application relative to one-site and three-site abdominal application.


Methods

Twenty-five female students participated in experimental sessions after a random allocation: 14 participants received a hot-stone application on the umbilicus, superior-umbilicus, and inferior-umbilicus regions (hereafter referred to as the three-site stimulation group); and 11 participants received the hot-stone application on the umbilicus region only (hereafter referred to as the one-site stimulation group). Heated stones were applied for 9 min to participants in both groups. Four arbitrary frames (the lower leg, ankle, proximal foot, and distal foot regions) were created in order to observe and analyze the skin temperature of a lower limb using a thermograph. Observation periods were as follows: before hot-stone stimulation, immediately after stimulation, and 5, 10, 15, and 20 min after stimulation.


Results

There was a significant offset interaction of distal foot skin temperature between the groups. The left-side distal foot skin temperature increased at 15 and 20 min following the three-site abdominal hot-stone stimulation. The right-side distal foot skin temperature increased immediately and at 5, 10, 15, and 20 min following the three-site abdominal hot-stone stimulation. No significant change in distal foot skin temperature was observed following the one-site stimulation.


Conclusion

Lower-limb skin temperature was altered following hot-stone stimulation applied to the abdomen, and the one-site stimulation and three-site stimulation yielded different distal foot skin-temperature reactions.

Key words: Thermography, Skin temperature, Massage, Hot-stone, Pilot study

Figure 1

The exact locations of the frames with anatomical landmarks Arbitrary frames used to analyze skin temperature of lower limb: A: Anterior aspect of lower leg frame (referred to as Lower Leg in the text); B: Anterior aspect of ankle frame (referred to as Ankle in the text); C: Dorsal proximal aspect of foot frame (referred to as Proximal Foot in the text); D: Dorsal distal aspect of foot frame (referred to as Distal Foot in the text). Anatomical land marks used to create arbitrary frames: a: Inferior border of the patella; b: Highest point of the medial malleolus; c: Highest point of the lateral malleolus; d: Medial border of the patella; e: Lateral border of the patella; f: Medial aspect of the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint; g: Lateral aspect of the 5th metatarsophalangeal joint; h: Midpoint between b and f; i: Midpoint between c and g; j: Distal end of the 1st phalanx; k: Distal end of the 5th phalanx."

Figure 2

Flow of participants of the study"

"

[1] Sato A, Sato Y, Shimura M, Uchida S . Calcitonin gene-related peptide produces skeletal muscle vasodilation following antidromic stimulation of unmyelinated afferents in the dorsal root in rats[J]. Neurosci Lett, 2000,283(2):137-140
doi: 10.1016/S0304-3940(00)00932-0
[2] Mori H, Kuge H, Tanaka TH, Taniwaki E, Ohsawa H . Is there a difference between the effects of single and triple indirect moxibustion stimulations on skin temperature changes of the posterior trunk surface? Acupunct Med. 2011; 29(2):116-121.
doi: 10.1136/aim.2010.002741
[3] Mori H, Tanaka TH, Kuge H, Sasaki K . Is there a difference between the effects of one-point and three-point indirect moxibustion stimulation on skin temperature changes of the posterior trunk surface? Acupunct Med. 2012; 30(1):27-31.
doi: 10.1136/acupmed-2011-010069
[4] Sugai GC, Freire Ade O, Tabosa A, Yamamura Y, Tufik S, Mello LE . Serotonin involvement in the electroacupuncture- and moxibustion-induced gastric emptying in rats[J]. Physiol Behav, 2004,82(5):855-861
doi: 10.1016/S0031-9384(04)00301-4
[5] Tabosa A, Yamamura Y, Forno ER, Mello LE . A comparative study of the effects of electroacupuncture and moxibustion in the gastrointestinal motility of the rat[J]. Dig Dis Sci, 2004,49(4):602-610
doi: 10.1023/B:DDAS.0000026305.20852.41
[6] Sato A, Sato Y, Schmidt R. Somatosensory modulation of heart rate and blood pressure. In: Blaustein MP, Grunicke H, Pette D, Schultz G, Schweiger M.Reviews of physiology biochemistry and pharmacology[M]. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1997, 118-127
[7] Kawakita K, Shinbara H, Imai K, Fukuda F, Yano T, Kuriyama K . How do acupuncture and moxibustion act? — Focusing on the progress in Japanese acupuncture research[J]. J Pharmacol Sci, 2006,100(5):443-459
doi: 10.1254/jphs.CRJ06004X
[8] Shanghai College of Traditional Medicine. Acupuncture, a comprehensive text[M]. Seattle: Eastland Press, 1981, 438-443
[9] Trulock A . Hot stone massage. Vol 53. New York:Sterling. 2006.
[10] Bodeker G, Burford G. Traditional knowledge and spas. In: Cohen M, Bodeker G.Understanding the global spa industry: spa management[M]. Oxford: Elsevier, 2008, 414-431
[11] Shibata Y, Wu J . Kampo treatment for climacteric disorders[M]. Brookline: Paradigm Publications, 1997, 33-49
[12] Yamashita H, Tsukayama H, Tanno Y, Nishijo K . Adverse events in acupuncture and moxibustion treatment: a six-year survey at a national clinic in Japan[J]. J Altern Complement Med, 1999,5(3):229-236
doi: 10.1089/acm.1999.5.229
[1] Georg Seifert, Jenny-Lena Kanitz, Carolina Rihs, Ingrid Krause, Katharina Witt, Andreas Voss. Rhythmical massage improves autonomic nervous system function: A single-blind randomised controlled trial. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2018, 16(3): 172-177.
[2] Yadaridee Viravud, Angkana Apichartvorakit, Pramook Mutirangura, Vasana Plakornkul, Jantima Roongruangchai, Manmas Vannabhum, Tawee Laohapand, Pravit Akarasereenont. The anatomical study of the major signal points of the court-type Thai traditional massage on legs and their effects on blood flow and skin temperature. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2017, 15(2): 142-150.
[3] A. Mooventhan, L. Nivethitha. Effects of ice massage of the head and spine on heart rate variability in healthy volunteers. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2016, 14(4): 306-310.
[4] Wanda Girsberger, Ulricke Banziger, Gerhard Lingg, Harald Lothaller​, Peter-Christian Endler​. Heart rate variability and the influence of craniosacral therapy on autonomous nervous system regulation in persons with subjective discomforts: A pilot study. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2014, 12(3): 156-161.
[5] Cary A. Brown, Geoff Bostick, Leisa Bellmore​, Dilesha Kumanayaka​. Hand self-Shiatsu for sleep problems in persons with chronic pain: A pilot study. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2014, 12(2): 94-101.
[6] Stephen Douglas Anton, Xiaomin Lu, Ginny Bank, Kacey Heekin, Debbie Saha, Pamela J. Dubyak, Heather Ann Hausenblas. Effect of a novel dietary supplement on pH levels of healthy volunteers: A pilot study. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2013, 11(6): 384-388.
[7] Martin Schencking, Stefan Wilm, Marcus Redaelli. A comparison of Kneipp hydrotherapy with conventional physiotherapy in the treatment of osteoarthritis: A pilot trial. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2013, 11(1): 17-25.
[8] David Sibbritt, Pamela van der Riet, Saowapa Dedkhard, Kannapatch Srithong. Rehabilitation of stroke patients using traditional Thai massage, herbal treatments and physical therapies. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(7): 743-750.
[9] C. Matos Luís, J. Goncalves Mário, R. Silva António, G. Mendes Joaquim, P. Machado Jorge, J. Greten Henry. Assessment of Qigong-related effects by infrared thermography: A case study. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(6): 663-666.
[10] Zhang-ling Zhou, Yue-bo Jiang, Gao-bo Li, Yu-hong Gao. Analysis of facial far-infrared thermogram of patients with acute facial neuritis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2011, 9(11): 1221-1225.
[11] Lei Fang, Min Fang, Yu-chao Liu. Research advances of traditional Chinese medicine therapy in treating sports fatigue. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(12): 1305-1310.
[12] Zi-yan Wang, Zhi-feng Zhang, Jian Ying. Infrared technology applied in tongue inspection of traditional Chinese medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2005, 3(4): 326-328.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Jun Cai, Hua Wang, Sheng Zhou, Bin Wu, Hua-rong Song, Zheng-rong Xuan. Effect of Sijunzi Decoction and enteral nutrition on T-cell subsets and nutritional status in patients with gastric cancer after operation: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 37-40
[2] Dong Yang, Yong-ping Du, Qing Shen, Wei Chen, Yan Yu, Guang-lei Chen. Expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin in renal tubulointerstitium in patients with kidney collateral stasis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 41-44
[3] Guo-hong Yuan, Xiao-jing Pang, He-chao Ma. Synergic effects of Danggui Buxue Decoction in reducing toxicity of cytoxan in tumor-bearing mice. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 83-88
[4] Bo Wang , Wei Yan , Li-hui Hou, Xiao-ke Wu. Disorder of Tiangui (kidney essence) and reproductive dysfunction in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1018-1022
[5] Bing Hu , Hong-mei An , Ke-ping Shen , Qin Du. Senescence-inducing effects of Chinese herbal medicine Tenglong Buzhong Decoction on human colon carcinoma LS-174-T cells and the mechanism. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1048-1052
[6] Zhi-mei Wang, Bin Zhang. A study on translation of ellipses in Huangdi Neijing from perspective of hermeneutic theory. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1097-1100
[7] Hui-min Liu, Xian-bo Wang, Yu-juan Chang, Li-li Gu. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of integrative medicine therapy for treatment of chronic severe hepatitis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1211-1228
[8] Pedro Saganha João, Doenitz Christoph, Greten Tobias, Efferth Thomas, J. Greten Henry. Qigong therapy for physiotherapists suffering from burnout: a preliminary study. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1233-1239
[9] Nian-hong Wang , Jun-tao Yan , Wu-quan Sun , Yong-shan Hu , Jun Xia , Li-cheng Wei , Jie Jia , Gui-lin Ouyang , Yong He , Yan-ming Guo , Jie Xu . Effects of early application of Tuina treatment on quadriceps surface myoelectricity in patients after total knee arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1247-1253
[10] Xiang-ying Mao , Qin Bian , Zi-yin Shen. Analysis of the osteogenetic effects exerted on mesenchymal stem cell strain C3H10T1/2 by icariin via MAPK signaling pathway in vitro. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1272-1278