Search JIM Advanced Search

Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2012, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (6): 663-666.doi: 10.3736/jcim20120610

• Case Report • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Assessment of Qigong-related effects by infrared thermography: A case study

C. Matos Luís1,J. Goncalves Mário1,2,3,R. Silva António4,G. Mendes Joaquim4,P. Machado Jorge1,J. Greten Henry1,2,3()   

  1. 1. Institute of Biomedical Sciences (ICBAS), University of Porto, 4099-030 Porto, Portugal
    2. German Society of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 69126 Heidelberg, Germany
    3. Heidelberg School of Chinese Medicine, 69126 Heidelberg, Germany
    4. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
  • Received:2012-01-17 Accepted:2012-03-30 Online:2012-06-20 Published:2018-06-15
  • Contact: J. Greten Henry

Key words: Qigong, thermography, infrared rays, TCM theories, case reports

Figure 1

Thermograms of the Qigong exercise A: Before exercise; B: After 660 s."

Figure 2

Temperature on the tip of the middle finger of seven children (A to G) at the beginning and the end of the Qigong exercise The vegetative activation time was less than 2 min in all compliant individuals tested, which confirms that the empirical application time of only 5 to 6 min may be enough to change vegetative functions."

[1] Greten HJ . Kursbuch traditionelle Chinesische Medizin: TCM Verstehen und richtig Anwenden[M]. Stuttgart: Thieme, 2007: 457-471
[2] Greten HJ. Handbuch des funktionell therapeutischen Qigong Ⅰ: Diagnosengerechte bungspraxis. Heidelberg: Heidelberg School of Chinese Medicine. 2009. German.
[3] Greten HJ . Chinese medicine as vegetative systems biology. Part Ⅰ: therapeutic methods[J]. HNO, 2011,59(12):1160-1164
doi: 10.1007/s00106-011-2413-x
[4] Greten HJ . Chinese medicine as vegetative system biology. Part Ⅱ: the structure of TCM diagnosis[J]. HNO, 2011,59(12):1165-1175
doi: 10.1007/s00106-011-2413-x
[5] Greten HJ. Understanding TCM . Heidelberg: Heidelberg School Editions. 2007.
[6] Sertel S, Greten HJ, Kraemer HJ, Efferth T, Plinkert PK , Baumann I. Evaluation of quality of life in patients treated with traditional Chinese medicine[J]. Open Otorhinolaryngol J, 2010, 4: 62-67
doi: 10.2174/1874428101004010062
[7] Sancier KM, Holman D . Commentary: Multifaceted health benefits of medical qigong[J]. J Altern Complement Med, 2004,10(1):163-165
doi: 10.1089/107555304322849084 pmid: 15025890
[8] Shinnick P . Qigong: where did it come from? Where does it fit in science? What are the advances?[J] Altern Complement Med. 2006; 12(4):351-353.
doi: 10.1089/acm.2006.12.351
[9] Lee MS, Jang JW, Jang HS, Moon SR . Effects of Qi-therapy on blood pressure, pain and psychological symptoms in the elderly: a randomized controlled pilot trial[J]. Complement Ther Med, 2003,11(3):159-164
doi: 10.1016/S0965-2299(03)00088-8
[10] Cheung BM, Lo JL, Fong DY, Chan MY, Wong SH, Wong VC, Lam KS, Lau CP, Karlberg JP . Randomised controlled trial of qigong in the treatment of mild essential hypertension[J]. J Hum Hypertens, 2005,19(9):697-704
doi: 10.1038/sj.jhh.1001884 pmid: 15905884
[11] Xin L, Miller YD, Brown WJ . A qualitative review of the role of qigong in the management of diabetes[J]. J Altern Complement Med, 2007,13(4):427-433
doi: 10.1089/acm.2006.6052 pmid: 17532735
[12] Lee MS, Chen KW, Sancier KM, Ernst E . Qigong for cancer treatment: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials[J]. Acta Oncol, 2007,46(6):717-722
doi: 10.1080/02841860701261584
[13] Lin S. Research leading to a systems/cellular/molecular model for the benefits of Qigong and Tai Chi on health and healing[M]. In: Scientific and Skill Papers on Qigong, published in coordination with The World Qigong Forum 2007 and 10th World Congress on Qigong and Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tokyo, 2007: 3-8
[14] Sousa C . Effects of qigong on performance-related anxiety and psychological stress functions in transverse flute music school children: a feasibility study. Porto: University of Porto. 2011.
[15] Saganha JP . Qigong therapy in physiotherapists in burnout (preliminary study). Porto: University of Porto. 2011.
[16] Fernandes A . Objective and subjective assessment of Qigong-related effects in breast cancer patients: a feasibility study. Porto: University of Porto. 2011.
[17] Johnson JA . Chinese medical Qigong therapy: A comprehensive clinical text. Pacific Grove: The International Institute of Medical Qigong. 2000.
[18] Jin C, Hu Z, Jia Z. Practical Chinese Qigong for home health care. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press. 1996.
[19] Doenitz CA, Anjos A, Efferth T, Greten T, Greten HJ . Can heat and cold be parameterized? Clinical data of a preliminary study[J]. J Chin Integr Med, 2012,10(5):532-537
doi: 10.3736/jcim20120508
Doenitz CA, Anjos A, Efferth T, Greten T, Greten HJ. 量化中医学中“寒”与“热”的初步临床研究[J]. 中西医结合学报, 2012,10(5):532-537
doi: 10.3736/jcim20120508
[1] George Chengxi Bao. The idealist and pragmatist view of qi in tai chi and qigong: A narrative commentary and review. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(5): 363-368.
[2] Jorge Magalhães Rodrigues, Mariana Mestre, Larry Ibarra Fredes. Qigong in the treatment of children with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2019, 17(4): 250-260.
[3] Kwan Leung Chia. Symptomatic Tarlov cyst and electroacupuncture: More studies required. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2015, 13(1): 58-60.
[4] Dagmar Ehling. Integrative techniques using acupuncture, Chinese herbal medicine, diet, and supplements for polycystic ovary syndrome: A case report. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2013, 11(6): 422-427.
[5] Hiroshi Kuge, Hidetoshi Mori, Tim Hideaki Tanaka, Kazuyo Hanyu, Tateyuki Morisawa. Difference between the effects of one-site and three-site abdominal hot-stone stimulation on the skin-temperature changes of the lower limbs. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2013, 11(5): 314-319.
[6] María Victoria González López-Arza, Enrique Varela-Donoso, Jesús Montanero-Fernández, Juan Rodríguez-Mansilla, Blanca González-Sánchez, Luis González López-Arza. Qigong improves balance in young women: A pilot study. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2013, 11(4): 241-245.
[7] Erol Arslan, Selim Sayin, Seref Demirbas, Mustafa Cakar, Nazire Gokce Somak, Sirzat Yesilkaya, Kenan Saglam. A case study report of acute renal failure associated with Nigella sativa in a diabetic patient. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2013, 11(1): 64-66.
[8] Claudia Maria Sous, Mario Goncalves, Jorge Machado, Thomas Efferth, Tobias Greten , Petra Froeschen , Henry J. Greten. Effects of qigong on performance-related anxiety and physiological stress functions in transverse flute music schoolchildren: A feasibility study. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(8): 858-865.
[9] Zheng Ying. Research and application progress of the infrared effects of moxibustion. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(2): 135-140.
[10] Pedro Saganha João, Doenitz Christoph, Greten Tobias, Efferth Thomas, J. Greten Henry. Qigong therapy for physiotherapists suffering from burnout: a preliminary study. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1233-1239.
[11] Schencking Martin, Kraft Karin. Cantharidin patches and intravenous administration of vitamin C in the concomitant treatment of herpes zoster: A case report. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2011, 9(4): 410-413.
[12] Zhang-ling Zhou, Yue-bo Jiang, Gao-bo Li, Yu-hong Gao. Analysis of facial far-infrared thermogram of patients with acute facial neuritis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2011, 9(11): 1221-1225.
[13] Feng-Ming Ho, Hsiou-Yu Ding, Charng-Cherng Chyau, Hui-Yen Kuo, Ming-Tsung Yen, Tsun-Cheng Kuo. To accomplish preliminary Qigong simulation state by acupuncture. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2011, 9(10): 1094-1100.
[14] Yuan-hong Xu , Jun-hua Wang, Hai-feng Li , Xiao-hu Zhu, Gang Wang. Efficacy of integrative respiratory rehabilitation training in exercise ability and quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in stable phase: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(5): 432-437.
[15] Li-li Liu, Tian-jun Liu. Exploration on medical qigong terms in perspective of antonymy. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2009, 7(3): 288-290.
Full text



[1] Wei-xiong Liang. Problems-solving strategies in clinical treatment guideline for traditional Chinese medicine and integrative medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 1-4
[2] Zhao-guo Li. Discussion on English translation of commonly used sentences in traditional Chinese medicine: part one. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 107-110
[3] Jun Hu, Jian-ping Liu. Non-invasive physical treatments for chronic/recurrent headache. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 31
[4] Xue-mei Liu, Qi-fu Huang, Yun-ling Zhang, Jin-li Lou, Hong-sheng Liu, Hong Zheng. Effects of Tribulus terrestris L. saponion on apoptosis of cortical neurons induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation in rats. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 45-50
[5] . Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals: Writing and editing for biomedical publication (Chinese version, part two). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1001-1005
[6] Daniel Weber, Janelle M Wheat, Geoffrey M Currie. Inflammation and cancer: Tumor initiation, progression and metastasis,and Chinese botanical medicines. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1006-1013
[7] Hong Liu , Guo-liang Zhang, Li Shen , Zhen Zeng, Bao-luo Zhou, Cheng-hai Liu, Guang Nie . Application and evaluation of a pseudotyped virus assay for screening herbs for anti-H5Nl avian influenza virus. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1036-1040
[8] Zhao-guo Li . A discussion of English translation of 1995 and 1997 Chinese National Standards of Traditional Chinese Medical Terminologies for Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1090-1096
[9] Rui Jin, Bing Zhang. A complexity analysis of Chinese herbal property theory: the multiple formations of herbal property (Part 1). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1198-1205
[10] Hui-min Liu, Xian-bo Wang, Yu-juan Chang, Li-li Gu. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of integrative medicine therapy for treatment of chronic severe hepatitis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1211-1228