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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2016, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (5): 336-358.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(16)60267-4

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Assessment of traditional knowledge of the antidiabetic plants of Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas in the context of recent phytochemical and pharmacological advances

Rakhi Chakrabortya, Swarnendu Royb, Vivekananda Mandalc   

  1. a Department of Botany, APC Roy Government College, Siliguri-734010, West Bengal, India 
    b Department of Botany, Kurseong College, Kurseong-734203, West Bengal, India
    c Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Gour Banga, Malda-732103, West Bengal, India
  • Received:2016-05-03 Accepted:2016-06-12 Online:2016-09-15 Published:2016-09-15
  • Contact: Vivekananda Mandal, PhD; E-mail: vivekugb@gmail.com

Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas, a part of Eastern Himalayan Hotspot, is characterized by its richness of plant diversity. Herbal medicine has been one of the most popular and reliable healing practices among the different ethnic groups of this region for ages. However, the lack of documentation practice by the traditional healers has led to obscurity regarding the efficacy of herbal medicine among the present generation, though they have to depend on the same quite often. Meanwhile, several reviews have attempted to document the plants used for the treatment of diabetes from this region, but interestingly, very few research works can be obtained regarding the characterization of antidiabetic properties of the plants of this region. Therefore, it demands a better understanding of the potentiality of these plants in the purview of scientific evidence. This review article reports 55 such plant species which have been reported to be frequently used in the treatment of hyperglycemia and our objective was to validate the potentiality of the plants in the light of recent phytochemical and pharmacological researches being carried out locally or elsewhere.

Key words: Hyperglycemia, Antidiabetics, Antihyperglycemics, Phytochemicals, Pharmacological processes, Herbal medicine

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