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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2016, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (6): 429-435.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(16)60278-9

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Prevention and treatment of constipation in children from the perspective of Iranian traditional medicine

Monireh Sadat Motaharifarda, Zahra Jafarib , Maryam Sadat Paknejada, Laleh Oveidzadehb, Mehrdad Karimia   

  1. a School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    b Department of Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Iranian Traditional Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
  • Received:2016-06-21 Accepted:2016-08-21 Online:2016-11-15 Published:2016-11-15
  • Contact: Zahra Jafari, MD; E-mail: z-jafari@razi.tums.ac.ir

Constipation is one of the most common complaints of children and a common cause of referrals to pediatricians. Numerous reasons for this disease have been mentioned in the Iranian traditional medicine (ITM). It is believed that this disorder is mostly due to the lack of consideration of the six essential principles (Setteh-ye-Zarurieah), which are necessary to maintain health and prevent disease. In this descriptive study we collected and classified the concepts related to the topic by reviewing reliable ITM text books. Scientific databases were also searched for the most commonly used herbs in the treatment of constipation. The results showed that, from the perspective of ITM, the first step in treating constipation in children is making lifestyle changes. This includes giving appropriate training in the six essential principles, and making modification in existing habits where necessary. In the next steps, using some herbal remedies for topical or oral administration is recommended. On the other hand, a few clinical trials have been done concerning the effects of herbal medicines on pediatric constipation. Therefore, ITM's preventive and curative strategies can provide an efficient and cost-effective way to address constipation in children. This study can serve as a preface to performing clinical studies in this field.

Key words: Children, Constipation, Iranian traditionalMedicine, Six essentialPrinciples

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