Search JIM Advanced Search

Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2019, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (5): 311-314.doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2019.07.003

• Golbal Views •     Next Articles

E-noise: An increasingly relevant health risk

Chun-song Hua(),Tengiz Tkebuchavab   

  1. a. Jiangxi Academy of Medical Science, Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi Province, China
    b. Boston TransTec, LLC, Boston, MA 02459, USA
  • Accepted:2019-04-04 Online:2019-09-06 Published:2019-09-10

This article briefly reviews and discusses the current status of major non-communicable diseases (mNCDs), definition of e-noise, its possible link as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and other mNCDs, and proposes possible mechanisms and hypotheses on that link, and how to control e-noise in the future. E-noise is defined as signal from electronic products and instruments that emit radiation and electromagnetic fields. It includes not only the acoustic but also non-acoustic noise. Just like road traffic and aircraft noises, e-noise may not only lead to hearing loss and health problems such as fatigue, stress, irritability, headache, and insomnia, but may also endanger cardiovascular health and result in hypertension, ischemic heart disease (myocardial infarction), arrhythmia (atrial fibrillation) and stroke; brain and metabolic problems such as obesity and diabetes; mental and cognitive impairment; as well as changing of humans’ long-evolved cortisol and circadian rhythms after long-term exposure. Even short-term exposure to excessive e-noise may lead to heightened stress responses and low quality of life. In conclusion, e-noise is a potential danger in our world, and further studies are needed of its effects on mechanisms of aging, disease, and human health.

Key words: Environment, E-noise, Health risk, Lifestyle, Long-term exposure

[1] Theocharis Koufakis, Kalliopi Kotsa, Nikolaos Papanas. Remission of type 2 diabetes depends on prompt comprehensive lifestyle changes upon diagnosis: How can this “Road to Damascus” experience be supported?. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2022, 20(4): 288-291.
[2] Li-jun Li, Yu-chong Shi, Min-xiang Luo, Chang-lin Zhao. Effects of moxibustion on Treg cells in sarcoma microenvironment. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2021, 19(3): 251-257.
[3] Mohammad Ansaripour, Mohsen Naseri, Mohammad Mahdi Esfahani, Iraj Nabipour, Fatemeh Rakhshani, Arman Zargaran, Roya Kelishadi. Periconceptional care and offspring health at birth and long term, from the perspective of Avicenna. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2019, 17(2): 80-86.
[4] Chun-song Hu, Tengiz Tkebuchava. SEEDi1.0-3.0 strategies for major noncommunicable diseases in China. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2017, 15(4): 265-269.
[5] Wan-fu Lin, Jian-ying Lu, Bin-bin Cheng, Chang-quan Ling. Progress in research on the effects of traditional Chinese medicine on the tumor microenvironment. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2017, 15(4): 282-287.
[6] Negoslav P. Ostojić, Silvia Saxer. Policies towards implementation of positive changes and the introduction of integrated health care for health systems. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2016, 14(6): 409-411.
[7] Ci-an Zhang, Pin-kang Wei, Yong-jin Li. Discussion of the correlation between phlegm and tumor microenvironment. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(3): 215-219.
[8] Xin-xiang Wang , Yun-ling Zhang, Qi-fu Huang. Discussion on the main pathogenesis in traditional Chinese medicine and etiology about primary osteoporosis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(12): 1119-1123.
Full text



[1] Dong Yang, Yong-ping Du, Qing Shen, Wei Chen, Yan Yu, Guang-lei Chen. Expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin in renal tubulointerstitium in patients with kidney collateral stasis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 41-44
[2] Hai-feng Wei, Bai-liu Ya, Ling Zhao, Cui-fei Ye, Li Zhang, Lin Li. Evaluation of tongue manifestation of blood stasis syndrome and its relationship with blood rheological disorder in a rat model of transient brain ischemia. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 73-76
[3] Xi Lin, Jian-ping Liu. Herbal medicines for viral myocarditis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 76
[4] Xi Lin, Jian-ping Liu. Tai chi for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 82
[5] Liang-ping Hu, Hui Gao. Discrimination of errors in statistical analysis of medical papers published in the first issue of 2006 in Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 98-106
[6] Yan-bo Zhu , Qi Wang, Cheng-yu Wu, Guo-ming Pang, Jian-xiong Zhao, Shi-lin Shen, Zhong-yuan Xia , Xue Yan . Logistic regression analysis on relationships between traditional Chinese medicine constitutional types and overweight or obesity. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1023-1035
[7] Wei Xu, Meng Shi, Jian-gang Liu, Cheng-long Wang . Collagen protein expressions in ischemic myocardium of rats with acute myocardial infarction and effects of qi-tonifying, yin-tonifying and blood-activating herbs and detoxifying and blood-activating herbs. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1041-1047
[8] Tao Wang , Feng Qin. Effects of Chinese herbal medicine Xiaoyao Powder on monoamine neurotransmitters in hippocampus of rats with postpartum depression. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1075-1079
[9] Ying Xu , Chang-chun Zeng , Xiu-yu Cai , Rong-ping Guo , Guang Nie , Ying Jin. Chromaticity and optical spectrum colorimetry of the tongue color in different syndromes of primary hepatic carcinoma. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1263-1271
[10] Xiang-ying Mao , Qin Bian , Zi-yin Shen. Analysis of the osteogenetic effects exerted on mesenchymal stem cell strain C3H10T1/2 by icariin via MAPK signaling pathway in vitro. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1272-1278