Search JIM Advanced Search

Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2021, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (2): 135-143.doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2020.12.005

• Original Experimental Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Genome-wide analysis of hippocampal transfer RNA-derived small RNAs identifies new potential therapeutic targets of Bushen Tiansui formula against Alzheimer’s disease

Zhe-yu Zhanga,1, Chun-hu Zhangb,1, Jing-jing Yangb, Pan-pan Xua, Peng-ji Yia, Mu-li Huc, Wei-jun Penga   

  1. a. Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese & Western Medicine, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, Hunan Province, China
    b. Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese & Western Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, Hunan Province, China
    c. Department of Scientific Research, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, Hunan Province, Chin
  • Received:2019-12-23 Accepted:2020-03-25 Online:2021-03-12 Published:2020-12-12
  • Contact: Wen-jun Peng pengweijun87@csu.edu.cn E-mail:pengweijun87@csu.edu.cn

Objective

Bushen Tiansui formula (BSTSF), a traditional Chinese medicine prescription, has been widely used to treat Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, the mechanisms underlying its effects remain largely unknown. In this study, a rat AD model was used to study the effects of BSTSF on cognitive performance and expression of transfer RNA-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs) in the hippocampus, to determine whether treatment of AD with BSTSF could regulate the expression of tsRNAs, a novel small non-coding RNA.

Methods

To generate a validated AD model, oligomeric amyloid-β1-42 (Aβ1-42) was injected intracerebroventricularly into rats. The Morris water maze (MWM) test was used to evaluate rat cognitive performance, and tsRNA-sequencing was conducted to examine tsRNA expression in the rat hippocampus. Potential targets were validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Bioinformatic analyses were conducted to investigate the biological function of candidate tsRNAs.

Results

The learning and memory deficits of Aβ1–42-induced AD rats, assessed by MWM tests, were clearly ameliorated by BSTSF treatment. A total of 387 tsRNAs were detected in the rat hippocampus. Among them, 13 were significantly dysregulated in AD rats compared with sham control rats, while 57 were markedly altered by BSTSF treatment, relative to untreated AD rats (fold change ≥ 2 and P < 0.05). Moreover, six BSTSF treatment-related tsRNAs were identified and validated by qRT-PCR. Bioinformatic analyses indicated that the six treatment-related tsRNAs had potential therapeutic roles, via multiple signaling pathways and Gene Ontology biological functions, including cyclic adenosine monophosphate and retrograde endocannabinoid signaling.

Conclusion

This study identified a previously uncharacterized mechanism underlying the effects of BSTSF in alleviating the learning and memory deficits in Aβ1–42-induced AD rats, demonstrating that tsRNAs are potential therapeutic targets of BSTSF in the treatment of AD.

Key words: Traditional Chinese medicine, Alzheimer’s disease, Endocannabinoids, Hippocampus, Small non-coding RNAs, Transfer RNA

[1] Na Zhi, Qian Mo, Shuo Yang, Yuan-xing Qin, Hao Chen, Zeng-guang Wu, Cai-hong Lan, Jun Zhang, Yin-long Li. Treatment of pulmonary fibrosis in one convalescent patient with corona virus disease 2019 by oral traditional Chinese medicine decoction: A case report. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2021, 19(2): 185-190.
[2] Baoyi Shao, Saiying Hou, Yuenyan Chan, Changchun Shao, Lixing Lao. Remission of new-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus in an adolescent using an integrative medicine approach: A case report. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2021, 19(1): 85-88.
[3] Liang Dai, Ka Kei Chan, Jian-chun Mao, Yu Tian, Jun-hua Gu, Jun Zhou, Linda L.D. Zhong. Modified Zhibai Dihuang pill, a traditional Chinese medicine formula, on steroid withdrawal in systemic lupus erythematosus: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(6): 478-491.
[4] Xue-yang Song, Si-jing Wang, Zhao-xia Xu, Yi-ming Hao, Lu Feng, Xiao-dong Ding, Hui Gao, Yi-qin Wang. Preliminary study on phonetic characteristics of patients with pulmonary nodules. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(6): 499-504.
[5] Arthur Yin Fan, Sherman Gu, Sarah Faggert Alemi, Research Group for Evidence-based Chinese Medicine. Chinese herbal medicine for COVID-19: Current evidence with systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(5): 385-394.
[6] Shi-xin Wang, Yan Wang, Yu-bao Lu, Jie-yun Li, Yu-jun Song, Munkhtuya Nyamgerelt, Xue-xi Wang. Diagnosis and treatment of novel coronavirus infectious pneumonia based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(4): 275-283.
[7] Xia-qiu Wu, Wendy Satmary, Jin Peng, Ka-kit Hui. Women's preconception health patterns in traditional Chinese medicine as a predictor of fertility outcomes. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(3): 222-228.
[8] Kai-yue Tang, Shi-lin Du, Qian-lei Wang, Yi-fan Zhang, Hai-yan Song. Traditional chinese medicine targeting cancer stem cells as an alternative treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(3): 196-202.
[9] Chang-quan Ling. Traditional Chinese medicine is a resource for drug discovery against 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(2): 87-88.
[10] Sherman Gu, Arthur Yin Fan. Controversial conclusions from two randomized controlled trials for acupuncture's effects on polycystic ovary syndrome or in vitro fertilization support. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(2): 89-91.
[11] Xue-qing Yu, Shu-guang Yang, Yang Xie, Jian-sheng Li. Traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis based on syndrome differentiation: Study protocol of exploratory trial. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(2): 163-168.
[12] Wen Qiang Lee, Jeremy Teoh, Pei Zheng Kenneth Lee, Zhi Xiong Gerard Low, Xueling Sim, Foong Fong Mary Chong, Norbert Ludwig Wagner. Factors influencing communication of traditional Chinese medicine use between patients and doctors: a multisite cross-sectional study. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2019, 17(6): 396-403.
[13] Mikhail Teppone. Medicine has always been “Modern” and “Scientific” from ancient times to the present day. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2019, 17(4): 229-237.
[14] Charles Dalcanale Tesser, Ari Ojeda Ocampo Moré, Melissa Costa Santos, Emiliana Domingues Cunha da Silva, Fátima Terezinha Pelachini Farias, Lúcio José Botelho. Auriculotherapy in primary health care: A large-scale educational experience in Brazil. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2019, 17(4): 302-309.
[15] Rachael Farrington, Ian F.Musgrave, Roger W.Byard. Evidence for the efficacy and safety of herbal weight loss preparations. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2019, 17(2): 87-92.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Jin-rong Fu. Establishment of multivariate diagnosis and treatment system of modern gynecology of traditional Chinese medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 22-24
[2] Yi-ting He, Qing-lin Zha, Jian-ping Yu, Yong Tan, Cheng Lu, Ai-ping Lv. Principal factor analysis of symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and their correlations with efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 32-36
[3] Dong Yang, Yong-ping Du, Qing Shen, Wei Chen, Yan Yu, Guang-lei Chen. Expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin in renal tubulointerstitium in patients with kidney collateral stasis. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 41-44
[4] Xue-mei Liu, Qi-fu Huang, Yun-ling Zhang, Jin-li Lou, Hong-sheng Liu, Hong Zheng. Effects of Tribulus terrestris L. saponion on apoptosis of cortical neurons induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation in rats. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 45-50
[5] Zhi-chun Jin. Problems in establishing clinical guideline for integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 5-8
[6] SUN Ming-yu, ZUO Jian, DUAN Ji-feng, HAN Jun, FAN Shi-ming, ZHANG Wei, ZHU Li-fang, YAO Ming-hui. Antitumor activities of kushen flavonoids in vivo and in vitro. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 51-59
[7] Min Cheng, Qiong Feng, Shu-wen Qian, Hui Gao, Cui-qing Zhu. Preliminary assay of p-amyloid binding elements in heart-beneficial recipe. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 68-72
[8] A-gao Zhou, Yong Zhang, Gang Kui, De-Yun Kong, Hai-liang Ge, Qiu-hua Ren, Jia-rong Dong, Sheng Hong, Xu-ming Mao, Yin Wang, Hui-zheng Zhang, Shu-jun Wang. Influence of traditional Chinese compound recipes with different efficacy on body weight, tumor weight and immune function in H22 cancer-bearing mice. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 77-82
[9] Li Zhou, Hong-xing Zhang, Ling-guang Liu, Wen-jun Wan. Effect of electro-acupuncture at Fenglong (GV 16) on nitric oxide and endothelin in rats with hyperlipidemia. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 89-92
[10] Daniel Weber, Janelle M Wheat, Geoffrey M Currie. Inflammation and cancer: Tumor initiation, progression and metastasis,and Chinese botanical medicines. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1006-1013