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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2005, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (4): 260-262.doi: 10.3736/jcim20050403

• Original Clinical Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of literature on therapeutic methods and medicines of traditional Chinese medicine for primary liver cancer

Qing Liu1,Yan-bo Zhang1,Chuan-hong Ma2,Xiao-qiang Yue1,Chang-quan Ling1   

  1. 1. Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
    2. Department of Pediatrics, The 88th Hospital of Chinese People’s Liberation Army, Tai’an, Shandong Province 271000, China;
  • Online:2005-07-20 Published:2005-07-20
  • Contact: Chang-quan Ling


To find out the rules of therapeutic methods, formulas and medicines of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for primary liver cancer (PLC).


The frequencies of treatments and medicines of TCM in 978 pieces of documents concerning PLC were analyzed.


Among the 165 therapeutic methods, 277 formulas and 459 kinds of herbs, the methods for activating blood circulation, the formulas for regulating qi-flowing and the herbs for invigorating qi are the most commonly used.


Therapeutic methods such as invigorating qi, regulating qi-flowing and activating blood circulation are the main choices for PLC, and the methods such as clearing heat, removing dampness and nourishing yin are used as supplements.

Key words: Liver neoplasms, Therapeutic method, TCM, Prescriptions, TCM, Drugs, Chinese herbal, Documentation

CLC Number: 

  • R273

Tab 1

Therapeutic methods of TCM for primary liver cancer"

Therapeutic method Frequency Percentage (%)
Activating blood (活血) 271 23.98
Invigorating qi (补气) 191 16.90
Clearing away heat (清热) 170 15.04
Regulating qi (理气) 169 14.96
Nourishing yin (滋阴) 120 10.62
Expelling dampness (祛湿) 92 8.14
Nourishing blood (养血) 25 2.21
Warming yang (温阳) 12 1.06
Strengthening healthy qi (扶正) 36 3.19
Expelling pathogenic factors (袪邪) 27 2.39
Relieving pain (止痛) 8 0.71
Purgation (泻下) 6 0.53
Stopping bleeding (止血) 3 0.27

Tab 2

Formulas of TCM for primary liver cancer"

Type of formulas Frequency Percentage (%)
Regulating qi (理气) 79 20.57
Nourishing yin (滋阴) 68 17.71
Invigorating qi (补气) 64 16.67
Activating blood (活血) 63 16.41
Expelling dampness (祛湿) 56 14.58
Clearing away heat (清热) 37 9.64
Nourishing blood (养血) 15 3.91
Warming yang (温阳) 2 0.52

Tab 3

Herbs of TCM for primary liver cancer"

Type of herbs Frequency Percentage (%)
Invigorating qi (补气) 1 580 22.33
Clearing away heat (清热) 1 374 19.42
Activating blood (活血) 1 271 17.96
Regulating qi (理气) 1 214 17.16
Nourishing yin (滋阴) 642 9.07
Expelling dampness (祛湿) 535 7.56
Nourishing blood (养血) 383 5.41
Warming yang (温阳) 76 1.07
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