Propolis,High-performance thin-layer chromatography,Nutraceutical value,Antioxidant activity," /> Propolis,High-performance thin-layer chromatography,Nutraceutical value,Antioxidant activity,"/> Marker-based standardization and investigation of nutraceutical potential of Indian propolis
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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2017, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (6): 483-494.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(17)60360-1

• Research Article • Previous Articles    

Marker-based standardization and investigation of nutraceutical potential of Indian propolis

Nanaware Sadhana, Sathiyanarayanan Lohidasan, Kakasaheb Ramoo Mahadik   

  1. Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Poona College of Pharmacy, Pune 411038, Maharashtra, India
  • Received:2017-03-17 Accepted:2017-06-18 Online:2017-11-15 Published:2017-11-15
  • Contact: Sathiyanarayanan Lohidasan, Associate Professor; E-mail:


Propolis, a resinous material collected by honey bees from various plants, has been explored globally for its medicinal and nutritional properties. However, research over Indian propolis is at infancy. This study was designed to investigate nutraceutical potential of Indian propolis.


In the present study, propolis extract was standardized with respect to markers caffeic acid phenethyl ester, caffeic acid, galangin, luteolin, curcumin, apigenin, pinocembrin and quercetin by new high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) methods. The physico-chemical analysis, residues analysis and in vitro antioxidant activity analysis were performed. Nutraceutical value was examined in terms of fats, fibers, minerals, proteins, polysaccharides, total carbohydrates, and energy value.


The developed HPTLC methods were found to be simple, reliable accurate, and the validation parameters were within the limits of the International Council for Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Pharmaceuticals for Human Use guidelines. Macerated ethanolic extract of propolis (MEEP) was found to have polyphenolic content of (20.99 ± 0.24) mg/g and flavonoids content of (8.39 ± 0.04) mg/g. MEEP was found to comprise of (283.33 ± 51.31) g/kg fats, (30.07 ± 7.30) g/kg fibers, (102.56 ± 2.84) g/kg proteins and (389.36 ± 57.50) g/kg carbohydrate with a calorie value of (38 409.33 ± 6 169.80) kJ/kg. It was found that Indian propolis exhibited high nutraceutical value and showed absence of pesticides and heavy metals. The MEEP showed in vitro antioxidant activity with inhibitory concentration of (12.24 ± 4.64) μg/mL.


The present work explores Indian propolis as a potential nutritious candidate. The proposed analytical methods can be applied in future screening of the quality of Indian propolis.

Key words: Propolis, High-performance thin-layer chromatography, Nutraceutical value, Antioxidant activity

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