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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2004, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (1): 36-38.doi: 10.3736/jcim20040114

• Original Experimental Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Changes of SOD, GSH and MDA in renal tissues of diabetic hyperlipidemia rats

He-xin Cao, Li-qun He, Ya-jing Shen   

  1. Department of Nephrology,Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200021, China
  • Online:2004-01-20 Published:2018-10-25

Objective: To study the changes of SOD, GSH and MDA in the renal tissues of diabetes rat models through the comparison of their metabolic features. Methods: Two types of diabetes rat models were established by feeding high-lipid food along with small dose injecting of streptozotocin (STZ) (model group 1) and repeated small dose injecting of STZ with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) (model group 2). And changes of the following were observed: body weight, urine volume, blood sugar, blood lipid, serum insulin, insulin sensitive index (ISI), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) of the renal tissues. Results: The body weight of the two model groups of rats decreased, while the urine volume and the blood sugar increased predominantly. These indexes of the two model groups were significantly different from those of the normal group (P <0.05). The renal tissue MDA level increased while the SOD and GSH level decreased in both model group 1 and model group 2, but the changes in model group 1 were more obvious than those in the model group 2. The serum insulin level which decreased in model group 2 did not decrease significantly in model group 1, but the ISI in model group 1 decreased more significantly than that in model group 2 (P <0.05).Conclusion: The antioxidase activity decreased in renal tissues of diabetes rats and hyperlipidemia was the main cause of the corresponding oxidations.

Key words: diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, superoxide dismutase, glutathione, malondialdehyde

CLC Number: 

  • R587.24

Tab 1

Changes of blood glucose and related metabolism in rats of 3 groups (ヌ±S)"

GroupnUrine volume (ml)Body weight (g)Blood glucose(mmol/L)
Normal group1010.57±0.98311.43±15.476.37±0.51
Model group 1742.57±12.34*270.00±14.14*23.93±6.82*
Model group 2768.57±15.05*167.14±9.51*25.33±3.01*

Tab 2

SOD, GSH, MDA of the renal tissues and blood lipid in rats of 3 groups (ヌ±S)"

GroupnTC(mmol/L)TG(mmol/L)SOD(kU/L)GSH(mmol/L)MDA(μmol/L)
Normal group101.56±0.210.40±0.07362.57±25.013.78±1.3818.50±5.71
Model group 172.11±0.58*2.32±2.42*200.87±50.39*2.21±0.72*63.84±32.28*
Model group 271.68±0.301.08±0.50282.75±47.49*2.60±0.56*33.77±9.66

Tab 3

Fasting blood glucose, serum insulin and ISI in rats of 3 groups (ヌ±S)"

GroupnFasting blood glucose(mmol/L)Serum insulin(mU/L)ISI
Normal group104.81±0.6671.32±44.62-5.61±0.86
Model group 176.36±1.49*70.53±43.63-5.95±0.51
Model group 276.37±0.87*28.36±7.93*-5.15±0.28
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