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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2008, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (8): 806-809.doi: 10.3736/jcim20080807

Special Issue: Acupuncture & Moxibustion

• Original Clinical Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Therapeutic effects of scalp-acupuncture in patients with vascular dementia induced by cerebral infarction: a randomized controlled trial

Yi-cheng Liu1(), Hong-xing Zhang2, Guo-hua Chen3, Wen-li Wu4, Jing-jing Hu2, Wen-jun Wan5, Chao-yang Ma5   

  1. 1. Department of Radiology, Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine Hospital of Wuhan, Wuhan, Hubei Province 430022, China
    2. Department of Acupuncture, Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine Hospital of Wuhan, Wuhan, Hubei Province 430022, China
    3. Department of Neurology, Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine Hospital of Wuhan, Wuhan, Hubei Province 430022, China
    4. College Office, Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine Hospital of Wuhan, Wuhan, Hubei Province 430022, China
    5. Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Central Hospital of Wuhan, Wuhan, Hubei Province 430014, China
  • Received:2007-12-26 Online:2008-08-20 Published:2008-08-15

Objective: To investigate the effects of scalp-acupuncture on intelligence in patients with vascular dementia (VaD).
Methods: A total of 108 VaD patients were randomly divided into two groups: scalp-acupuncture group and Western medicine group. The scores of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Blesse Dementia Scale (BDS), Hasegawa Dementia Scale (HDS), Ability of Daily Life (ADL) before and after treatment in the two groups were detected.
Results: A total of 92 patients completed the treatment. The scores of MMSE, BDS and HDS in the two groups were significantly increased, and the ADL scores significantly declined (P<0.05). There was no difference in the scores of MMSE, BDS, HDS and ADL between the two groups before and after the treatment. There was no difference in the total effectiveness between the two groups (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Scalp-acupuncture therapy could improve the clinical intelligence level of VaD patients.

Key words: dementia, vascular, scalp acupuncture, intelligence, randomized controlled trials

CLC Number: 

  • R491.32

Table 1

Baseline data in two groups"

Group n Sex (male/female) Average age (x±s, year) Severity
Mild Moderate Serious
Western medicine 45 29/16 66±1 22 21 2
Scalp-acupuncture 47 30/17 65±1 23 21 3

Table 2

MMSE, BDS, HDS and ADL scores in two groups before and after treatment (x±s)"

Group n HDS ADL BDS MMSE
Western medicine
Pre-treatment 45 10.12±5.05 58.85±25.36 16.44±4.31 18.36±2.47
Post-treatment 45 18.56±6.13* 33.59±23.26* 22.24±4.56* 23.35±3.49*
Scalp-acupuncture
Pre-treatment 47 10.06±4.96 57.74±24.22 16.07±4.49 18.06±2.52
Post-treatment 47 18.45±5.42* 32.36±20.68* 22.15±4.51* 23.06±4.63*

Table 3

Clinical effects in two groups after treatment[Cases (%)]"

Group n Obvious effect Improvement Failure Deterioration
Western medicine
30-day treatment 45 8 (17.77) 29 (64.44) 6 (13.33) 2 (4.44)
One month after treatment 45 8 (17.77) 30 (66.67) 5 (11.11) 2 (4.44)
Two months after treatment 45 8 (17.77) 30 (66.67) 5 (11.11 ) 2 (4.44)
Scalp-acupuncture
30-day treatment 47 8 (17.02) 30 (63.83) 7 (14.89) 2 (4.26)
One month after treatment 47 9 (19.15) 30 (63.83) 6 (12.77) 2 (4.26)
Two months after treatment 47 9 (19.15) 29 (61.70) 7 (14.89) 2 (4.26)
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