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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2012, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (3): 310-317.doi: 10.3736/jcim20120310

• Original Clinical Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of Chinese herbal medicine Bushen Huoxue Granule on quality of life of patients with Parkinson disease: a randomized, double-blinded and placebo-controlled trial

Li Min(),Yang Ming-hui,Liu Yi   

  1. Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, General Hospital of the People’s Liberation Army, Beijing 100853, China
  • Received:2011-07-06 Accepted:2011-08-01 Online:2012-03-20 Published:2018-10-10

BACKGROUND: The main clinical symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD) are resting tremor, muscle rigidity and bradykinesia. There is currently no effective treatment for PD, and dyskinesia symptoms affect the quality of life of patients with PD. The Chinese medicine therapy used for reinforcing kidney and activating blood circulation in treatment of PD was reported to achieve good clinical effects.
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Bushen Huoxue Granule, a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on the quality of life of patients with PD.
DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: A total of 120 patients were enrolled from General Hospital of the People’s Liberation Army in China and divided into two groups randomly. Patients in the control group were treated with a placebo and in the treatment group with Bushen Huoxue Granule based on treating with levodopa. A double-blinded clinical trial was adopted over a 3-month treatment with a follow-up period lasting 6 months.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale Ⅱ (UPDRSⅡ), questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39) and Parkinson’s disease sleep scale (PDSS) were adopted to measure the quality of life at baseline, after 3 months of treatment and at a 6-month follow-up.
RESULTS: Bushen Huoxue Granule showed a higher efficacy than the control in improving life quality of patients with PD by improving scores of UPDRSⅡ, PDQ-39 and PDSS (P<0.05). No adverse effects were found in this trial.
CONCLUSION: Bushen Huoxue Granule can markedly improve the quality of life of patients with PD.

Key words: Parkinson disease, drugs, Chinese herbal, quality of life, randomized controlled trials, double-blinded method, placebos

Table 1

Characteristics of patients of two groups"

Group n Sex (Male/female) Age (x±s, years) Period of PD (x±s, years) H-Y stage (x±s) Levodopa (x±s, mg)
BSHXG 60 31/27 66.6±1.2 5.2±0.4 2.5±0.1 494.38±19.43
Control 60 42/20 67.3±1.2 5.1±0.5 2.3±0.1 475.00±19.43

Figure 1

Flow diagram of this randomized trial"

Table 2

UPDRSⅡ scores before and after treatment in two groups in treatment period (x±s)"

Group n UPDRSⅡ score
Before treatment One-month treatment Two-month treatment Three-month treatment
Control 51 15.41±0.90 14.98±0.87 15.02±0.90 14.71±0.87
BSHXG 55 16.49±0.87 15.98±0.84 15.38±0.87 14.62±0.84

Table 3

UPDRSⅡ scores before and after treatment in two groups in follow-up period (x±s)"

Group n UPDRSⅡ score
Before treatment After 6-month treatment After 9-month treatment
Control 51 15.41±0.90 15.22±0.81 16.88±0.83
BSHXG 55 16.49±0.87 14.13±0.77 12.86±0.78

Table 4

The changes of UPDRSⅡ scores after treatment in two groups (x±s)"

Group n The changes of UPDRSⅡ score
One-month treatment Two-month treatment Three-month treatment Six-month treatment Nine-month treatment
Control 51 2.38±0.29 1.96±0.44 2.22±0.17 1.20±0.56 0.04±0.93
BSHXG 55 2.77±0.32 2.89±0.57 4.68±0.21 5.07±0.28 8.33±0.19

Table 5

PDQ-39 scores before and after treatment in two groups (x±s)"

Group n PDQ-39 score
Before treatment After 1-month
treatment
After 2-month
treatment
After 3-month
treatment
After 6-month
treatment
After 9-month
treatment
Control 51 29.28±1.20 28.95±1.99 28.23±1.99 28.34±2.05 29.81±1.93 32.82±1.85
BSHXG 55 33.57±1.89 32.53±1.88 30.89±1.88 29.36±1.93 26.85±1.82 23.23±1.75

Table 6

The changes of PDQ-39 scores after treatment in two groups (x±s)"

Group n The changes of PDQ-39 score
After 1-month
treatment
After 2-month
treatment
After 3-month
treatment
After 6-month
treatment
After 9-month
treatment
Control 51 1.28±0.27 1.48±0.49 1.77±1.82 3.38±1.22 7.20±2.30
BSHXG 55 1.33±1.20 4.92±1.78 6.75±2.04 7.89±1.33 12.80±1.04

Table 7

PDSS scores before and after treatment in two groups in treatment period (x±s)"

Group n PDSS score
Before treatment After 1-month treatment After 2-month treatment After 3-month treatment
Control 51 98.14±4.11 101.84±3.40 103.06±3.80 102.61±3.78
BSHXG 55 89.02±3.96 94.29±3.85 99.06±3.66 101.46±3.64

Table 8

PDSS scores before and after treatment in two groups in follow-up period (x±s)"

Group n PDSS score
Before treatment After 6-month treatment After 9-month treatment
Control 51 98.14±4.11 96.69±3.35 91.49±2.97
BSHXG 55 89.02±3.96 103.76±3.17 110.56±2.80

Table 9

The changes of PDSS scores after treatment in two groups (x±s)"

Group n The changes of PDSS score
One-month treatment Two-month treatment Three-month treatment Six-month treatment Nine-month treatment
Control 51 6.07±0.45 7.29±1.44 6.12±0.97 2.12±1.39 5.13±1.47
BSHXG 55 10.70±1.01 17.96±1.38 19.27±2.09 23.18±0.24 38.21±2.16
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