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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2015, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (1): 25-33.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(15)60157-1

• Research Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Saponins isolated from roots of Chlorophytum borivilianum reduce acute and chronic inflammation and histone deacetylase

Anirudha A. Landea,Shirishkumar D. Ambavadea,Uma S. Swamia, Prafulla P. Adkara, Prashant D. Ambavadeb,Arun B. Waghamareb   

  1. a Department of Pharmacology, JSPM’s Jayawantrao Sawant College of Pharmacy and Research, University of Pune, Hadapasar, Pune-411028, India
    b Haffkine Biopharmaceutical Corporation Ltd., Pimpri, Pune-411018, India
  • Received:2014-05-24 Accepted:2014-10-30 Online:2015-01-10 Published:2015-01-15

The roots of Chlorophytum borivilanum are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of arthritis and inflammation. The aim of the work was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of isolated saponins from Chlorophytum borivilianum (ISCB).
The ISCB was screened using the carrageenan-induced paw edema, histamine-induced paw edema, cotton pellet-induced granuloma, and Freund's adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats at orally administered doses of 3, 10, and 30 mg/kg. Effect of ISCB on histone deacetylase (HDAC) level was measured by the HDAC assay at the highest dose (30 mg/kg).
The results showed that the ISCB significantly reduced carrageenan-induced inflammation, histamine-induced inflammation, cotton pellet-induced granuloma and Freund's adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats. The ISCB at a dose of 30 mg/kg significantly inhibited HDAC level in rat paw tissue.
It is concluded that saponins isolated from roots of C. borivilianum possess anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic properties. ISCB may act by inhibiting histamine, prostaglandin and HDAC. This suggests that ISCBs have potential for therapeutic use in the treatment of inflammation and arthritis.

Key words: Chlorophytum borivilianum, Plants, Medicinal, Saponin, Carrageenan, Inflammation, Arthritis, Histon deacetylase, Rats

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