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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2010, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (7): 613-623.doi: 10.3736/jcim20100703

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Curculigo orchioides: The black gold with numerous health benefits

Nagendra Singh Chauhan,Vikas Sharma,Mayank Thakur,Vinod Kumar Dixit   

  1. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar (M. P. ) 470003, IndiaDepartment of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar (M. P. ) 470003, India
  • Received:2010-01-25 Online:2010-07-20 Published:2010-07-15
  • Contact: Nagendra Singh Chauhan

Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. (family Amarylladaceae) is an endangered rasayana herb which is popularly known as “Kali Musli”. The plant is native to India, and holds a special position as a potent adaptogen and aphrodisiac in Ayurvedic system of medicine. It is an important ingredient of many Ayurvedic preparations and is considered to have aphrodisiac, immunostimulant, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, anticancer and antidiabetic activities. Various chemical constituents like mucilage, phenolic glycosides, saponins and aliphatic compounds from the plant have been reported. The plant is also considered as an important component of various herbal preparations of the Chinese and Kampo medicine. The present review is an attempt to enumerate various biologically tested activities and evaluation of different phytochemicals present in this important medicinal plant.

Key words: Curculigo orchioides, Aphrodisiac, Medicine, Ayurvedic, Extracts

Figure 1

Structure of different saponins isolated from C. orchioides"

Figure 2

Structure of phenolic compounds isolated from C. orchioides (Ⅰ)"

Figure 3

Structure of phenolic compounds isolated from C. orchioides (Ⅱ)"

Figure 4

Structure of phenolic compounds isolated from C. orchioides (Ⅲ)"

Figure 5

Structure of phenolic compounds isolated from C. orchioides (Ⅳ)"

Figure 6

Structure of phenolic compounds isolated from C. orchioides (Ⅴ)"

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