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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2006, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (4): 388-391.doi: 10.3736/jcim20060414

• Original Experimental Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of matrine on proliferation and apoptosis of human renal cell carcinoma cell line GRC-1

Tie Chong1, Jian-qiang Niu1, Zi-ming Wang1, Jun-jun She1, Chen Huang2   

  1. 1. Department of Urology, Second Hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province 710004, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Envi ronment and Genes Rela ted to Diseases , Xi’an Jiaotong Unive rsity , Minist ry of Education , Xi’an , Shaanxi Province 710004 , China
  • Online:2006-07-31 Published:2006-07-15


To observe the effects of matrine on proliferation and apoptosis of human renal cell carcinoma cell line GRC-1 in vitro, and to explore its mechanism.


The human renal cell carcinoma cell line GRC-1 was treated with matrine of different concentrations for 24, 48, 72 and 96 h respectively. The MTT assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of matrine on GRC-1 cells. The transmission electron microscope and flow cytometry were utilized to observe and detect the apoptosis of GRC-1 cells induced by matrine. The expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins were evaluated by streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase method.


The matrine of different concentrations all have cytotoxic effects on GRC-1 cells, with obvious dose- and time-dependent effects. The apoptosis induced by matrine was confirmed in GRC-1 cells. With intervention of matrine (1.5g/L) for 12 h, the expression level of Bcl-2 in GRC-1 cells was decreased while the expression level of Bax was increased as compared with those in the untreated group.


The proliferation-inhibiting effects of matrine on human renal cell carcinoma cell line GRC-1 may be related to down-regulating the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax protein expression and promoting the apoptosis.

Key words: Matrine, Kidney neoplasms, Apoptosis

CLC Number: 

  • R737.11

Table 1

Growth-inhibiting effects of matrine on human renal cell carcinoma cell line GRC-1(ヌ±S, %)"

Concentration of matrine n Growth-inhibiting rate
24 h 48 h 72 h 96 h
0.3 g/L 5 6.3±5.7 8.8±3.2 14.9±12.8 18.4±12.0
0.5 g/L 5 11.5±6.6 12.3±9.6 21.9±6.5 22.4±2.0
0.8 g/L 5 20.5±7.7 23.1±8.1 25.4±9.0 36.2±4.8
1.0 g/L 5 23.6±6.1 25.4±7.4 29.2±9.5 45.8±2.9
1.5 g/L 5 31.6±4.2 32.0±5.5 34.0±4.9 60.2±2.1

Figure 1

Ultrastructure of human renal cell carcinoma cell line GRC-1 in different groups detected by transmission electron microscopeA: Untreated group; B: Matrine (1.0 g/L)-treated group (phase Ⅰ of apoptosis); C: Matrine (1.0 g/L)-treated group (phase Ⅱ of apoptosis)."

Figure 2

Classification percentage of human renal cell carcinoma cell line GRC-1 in different groups by AnnexinⅤ-FITC/PI staining assay and flow cytometryA: Untreated group; B: Matrine (0.5 g/L)-treated group; C: Matrine (1.0 g/L)-treated group; D: Matrine (1.5 g/L)-treated group."

Table 2

Expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in human renal cell carcinoma cell line GRC-1 in different groups(ヌ±S)"

Group n Bcl-2 protein Bax protein
Untreated 10 2.765±0.020 2.467±0.060
Matrine(1.5 g/L)-treated 10 2.655±0.005 2.699±0.020
t 12.84 10.82
P <0.01 <0.01
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