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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2016, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (1): 22-28.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(16)60240-6

Special Issue: Natural Drug

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Potential use of durian fruit (Durio zibenthinus Linn) as an adjunct to treat infertility in polycystic ovarian syndrome

Reshma M.Ansari   

  1. Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences, Cyberjaya 63000, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Received:2015-07-03 Accepted:2015-10-23 Online:2016-01-15 Published:2016-01-15
  • Contact: Reshma M. Ansari, MBBS, DFM, MMedSc; E-mail: reshmaansari77@gmail.com

Infertility due to polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a worldwide problem that is increasing at alarming rates. Insulin resistance, the prime factor of PCOS, induces comorbid metabolic syndrome as well. Durian (Durio zibenthinus Linn), a fruit of Southeast Asia, is used as a natural supplement in healthy diets. This paper is a short literature review that examines the fruit's effects against various components of metabolic syndrome and its fertility-enhancing properties in PCOS. Various published literature was reviewed to learn of the anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-obesity, anticholesterol, and antihypoglycaemic nature of the fruit. The literature search was done using PubMed, Google Scholar and library databases. The keywords used were polycystic ovarian syndrome, infertility, metabolic syndrome and Durian zibenthinus Linn. Reviewed studies showed that the fruit is effective against various components of metabolic syndrome, but the mechanisms of action against anovulation and menstrual disturbances in PCOS have yet to be studied. The traditional use of durian as a fertility-enhancing agent needs to be validated scientifically by isolating its various components and ascertaining its fertility enhancing properties.

Key words: Durian zibenthiusLinn, Polycystic ovarian syndrome, Infertility, Metabolic syndrome

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