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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2019, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (2): 100-106.doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2019.01.008

• Original Experimental Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of geraniin (rambutan rind extract) on blood pressure and metabolic parameters in rats fed high-fat diet

Sonia Chew Wen Phang, Uma Devi Palanisamy, Khalid Abdul Kadir()   

  1. School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia, 46150 Bandar Sunway, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Received:2018-06-08 Accepted:2018-12-05 Online:2019-03-06 Published:2019-05-17

Objective
A preliminary study showed that geraniin extracted from Nephelium lappaceum L. at 50?mg/kg caused reduction in blood glucose and insulin resistance. The present study serves to further investigate the effects of geraniin at increasing doses between 3.125 and 100?mg/kg in high-fat diet-treated rats.
Methods
Geraniin (95% purity) was extracted and purified from rambutan rind. Two groups of male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with 60% high-fat diet and standard rat chow, respectively, for 12?weeks. High-fat diet-treated rats were then administered geraniin at different doses. Body weight, blood pressure and blood glucose readings were measured. At the end of treatment, blood was collected for analysis of glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), insulin, advanced glycation end-product (AGE) levels, renin, aldosterone and electrolytes.
Results
Within the first week of treatment, even the lowest dose of geraniin caused a significant reduction in blood pressure, which was comparable to control diet-treated rats. There were no changes in serum electrolytes, renin or aldosterone. Similarly, there was a significant reduction in serum insulin, insulin resistance and AGE levels at the lowest dose. However, there was no significant decrease in fasting blood glucose or HbA1c. The effects of decreasing insulin, insulin resistance and AGEs were observed only at the lower doses, unlike the results observed for blood pressure reduction.
Conclusion
Geraniin at lower doses improved blood pressure and other metabolic parameters. Secondary metabolites of geraniin, associated with antihypertensive activity, are relatively different to those involved in inhibiting AGE formation and increasing insulin sensitivity. The secondary metabolites of geraniin may be individually responsible for the bioactivities demonstrated.

Key words: Metabolic syndrome, Hypertension, Hyperglycemia, Insulin resistance, Advanced glycation end-product levels, Geraniin

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