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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2004, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (4): 306-313.doi: 10.3736/jcim20040424

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Accidents in acupuncture treatment: History and current state

Ren Zhang()   

  1. Shanghai Literature Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Shanghai 200020,China
  • Received:2004-04-08 Online:2004-07-20 Published:2018-10-20

Acupuncture is widely used as an alternative therapy with few side effects because of its simple manipulation and low cost. However, accidents may occur if the practitioner uses it improperly. Early in the Qin dynastuy, the Canon of Medicine mentioned that improper use of acupuncture could cause injury to the body and even death, and it systematically described the occurrence and prevention of acupuncture accidents. Physicians in the successive dynasties frequently reported it, and nealized that the manipulation skills were significantly important in preventing the occurrence of acupuncture accidents.Since the 1950s, acupuncture accidents had been effectively prevented because of the improving of acupuncture instruments, enhancing of the quality of the practitioners, popularizing of sterilization and disseminating of anatomic knowledge. Nevertherless, with the renovating of acupuncture techniques, new accidents may occur constantly. The prevention of acupuncture accidents still should be an arduors task for acupuncturists. Nowadays, acupuncture therapy is being used in more than 140 countries, and acupuncture accidents due to improper application are incrcasing. Prevention of acupuncture accidents has become a global issue deserving of great attention.

Key words: acupuncture and moxibustion, traditional medicine, accident, history

CLC Number: 

  • R245


损伤类别 文章篇数(篇) 发生例数(例) 死亡例数(例)
气管损伤 3 3 2
气胸 55 172 16
心脏损伤 6 6 5
胃部损伤 48
肝脏损伤 4 1 3
胆囊损伤 8 10
脾脏损伤 3 3
肾脏损伤 2 3
肠道损伤 7 15 2
膀胱损伤 2 2
脑出血 4 3 3
延髓损伤 5 15 6
小脑损伤 1 1 1
蛛网膜下腔出血 18 40 2
脊髓损伤 4 4 1
神经系统其它损伤 6 9
周围神经损伤 22 8 5
迷走神经损伤 6 9
闭塞性脉管炎 5 7
大量出血 11 12 4
眼部出血及其它损伤 7 8
其他血管损伤 3 3
针刺感染 15 45 4
耳廓感染 311
软组织损伤 12 412
折针 8 9
晕针(罐) 32 183
光针反应 10 8
过敏反应 19 28
经络不良反应 17 62
其他不良(间接)反应 10 10 2
骨折 1 1
总计 312 1192 52
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