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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2019, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (6): 392-395.doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2019.09.003

• Original Clinical Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Use of complementary and alternative medicine in pregnant women: a cross-sectional survey in the south of Iran

Naghmeh Yazdiab, Alireza Salehia, Mina Vojouda, Mohammad Hossein Sharifia, Ayda Hoseinkhania   

  1. a. Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, 71348-14336 Shiraz, Iran
    b. Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, 71348-14336 Shiraz, Iran
  • Received:2019-02-28 Accepted:2019-06-04 Online:2019-11-10 Published:2019-11-25
  • About author:Corresponding author: Alireza Salehi, Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, 71348-14336 Shiraz, Iran Emai: salehialireza1345@gmail.com

Objective
The use of traditional medicine and complementary alternative medicine (TM/CAM) derived from herbal remedies or natural supplements is increasing worldwide, but there are limited data on the use of TM/CAM during pregnancy. Iran has various ethnic populations, and the usage of TM/CAM by the different ethnic groups has not been researched. The aim of this study is to understand the use of TM/CAM modalities in pregnant women of different ethnic groups in southern Iran.


Methods

This study was conducted in primary health care centers in Khuzestan Province, Iran, from May to August, 2016. A semi-structured valid questionnaire was used to gather information in pregnant women (n = 170).


Results

About 46.5% of women in this study used TM/CAM during previous pregnancies. The majority (67%) of study participants were Arab. The Arab population showed increased use of TM/CAM during pregnancy (P = 0.014). Women with complications in former pregnancies had significantly higher incidence rate of TM/CAM use (65.8%) compared to the other group (39.6%) (P = 0.001).


Conclusion

Understanding TM/CAM use and the associated factors in different ethnic groups of pregnant women will benefit the evaluation of the proper health policies and mother-infant health programs. This study contributes to the growing literature on TM/CAM, ethnic diversity and pregnant women.

Key words: Pregnancy, Complementary medicine, Traditional medicine, Alternative medicine

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