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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2007, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (5): 564-569.doi: 10.3736/jcim20070518

• Original Experimental Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Protection of Tianshen Yizhi Recipe against low expression of nicotinic receptor and neurotoxicity induced by β-amyloid peptide

GU Ran1,LIU Ru-yu2,ZHANG Lan-jiang1,HAO Xiao-yan3,XIAO Yan1,QI Xiao-lan1,SHAN Ke-ren1,lin REN Xi1,LUO Jun4,GUAN Zhi-zhong1,2   

  1. 1. Department of Molecular Biology ,Guiyang Medical College ,Guiyang ,Guizhou Province 550004,China
    2. Department of Pathology ,Guiyang Medical College ,Guiyang ,Guizhou Province 550004,China
    3. School of Pharmacy ,Guiyang Medical College ,Guiyang ,Guizhou Province 550004,China
    4. School of Preclinical Medicine ,Guiyang Medical College ,Guiyang ,Guizhou Province 550004,China
  • Online:2007-09-20 Published:2018-10-25

Objective: To investigate the inhibition effects of Tianshen Yizhi Recipe (TSYZR), a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on decreased expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and the neurotoxicity as well as lipid peroxidation induced by beta-amyloid peptide (Aβ) in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.Methods: The SH-SY5Y cells were treated by a certain concentration of TSYZR, and then exposed to Aβ25-35. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium reduction assay was carried out to understand the influences of the drugs on cellular viability. Expressions of nAChR subunits (α3 and α7) at protein and mRNA levels were detected by Western-blotting and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Lipid peroxidation was measured by thiobarbituric acid to observe the capacity of antioxidant of the drugs. Results: TSYZR at a safe concentration could increase α7 protein in the cells, inhibit decreased expressions of α3 and α7 nAChR subunit proteins, prevent lower expression of α7 mRNA in SH-SY5Y cells induced by Aβ, reduce the neurotoxicity and lipid peroxidation resulting from Aβ, but had no significant effect on the lower expression of α3 mRNA.Conclusions: TSYZR can up-regulate the expression of α7 nAChR subunit protein and prevent decreased expressions of nAChRs and neurotoxicity as well as lipid peroxidation induced by Aβ. This drug may play an important therapeutic role in treatment of Alzheimer disease.

Key words: neuroblastoma, nicotine, acetylcholine receptors, beta-amyloid pepitide, Alzheimer disease

CLC Number: 

  • R745.1

Table 1

The primer sequences for RT-PCR"

Target gene Primer sequence (5′ to 3′) Fragment size
nAChR α3 forward: TTCAGCCGTGCAGACTCCA 271 bp
reverse: GGCAACGTACTTCCAATCATC
nAChR α7 forward: CGCCACATTCCACACTAAC 257 bp
reverse: ACCTTTCACTCCTCTTGCC
β-actin forward: GCCTGCGCCTGCGGCGACGCC 270 bp
reverse: CCTCACTCACGCTCTGGTCAT
Cyc forward: AGAAAATTTTCGTGCTCTGAGCA 414 bp
reverse: AACACAAGTCAAACTTTATTCGAG

Figure 1

MTT reduction of SH-SY5Y cells treated with different concentrations of Tianshen Yizhi Recipen=6; *P<0.05, **P<0.01, vs normal control group."

Figure 2

MTT reduction of SH-SY5Y cells treated with different drugsCon: Normal control group; Aβ: Aβ-treated group; VE: VE-treated group; VE+Aβ: VE and Aβ treated group; X: TSYZR-treated group; X+Aβ: TSYZR and Aβ treated group. n=6; *P<0.05, **P<0.01, vs normal control group; △△P<0.01, vs Aβ-treated group."

Figure 3

Levels of nAChR α7 subunit protein in SH-SY5Y cells treated with different drugsCon: Normal control group; Aβ: Aβ-treated group; VE: VE-treated group; VE+Aβ: VE and Aβ treated group; X: TSYZR-treated group, X+Aβ: TSYZR and Aβ treated group. n=6; *P<0.05, **P<0.01, vs normal control group; △△P<0.01, vs Aβ-treated group; ▲P<0.05, vs VE and Aβ treated group."

Figure 4

Levels of nAChR α3 subunit protein in SH-SY5Y cells treated with different drugsCon: Normal control group; Aβ: Aβ-treated group; VE: VE-treated group; VE+Aβ: VE and Aβ treated group; X: TSYZR-treated group; X+Aβ: TSYZR and Aβ treated group. n=6; *P<0.05, **P<0.01, vs normal control group; △P<0.05, vs Aβ-treated group."

Figure 5

Levels of nAChR α7 subunit mRNA in SH-SY5Y cells treated with different drugsCon: Normal control group; Aβ: Aβ-treated group; VE: VE-treated group; VE+Aβ: VE and Aβ treated group; X: TSYZR-treated group, X+Aβ: TSYZR and Aβ treated group. n=6; *P<0.05, **P<0.01, vs normal control group; △△P<0.01, vs Aβ-treated group."

Figure 6

Levels of nAChR α3 subunit mRNA in SH-SY5Y cells treated with different drugsCon: Normal control group; Aβ: Aβ-treated group; VE: VE-treated group; VE+Aβ: VE and Aβ treated group; X: TSYZR-treated group, X+Aβ: TSYZR and Aβ treated group. n=6; *P<0.05, **P<0.01, vs normal control group; △△P<0.01, vs Aβ-treated group; ▲P<0.05, vs VE and Aβ treated group."

Table 2

MDA assayed by TBA (ヌ±S , mmol/L)"

Group n MDA
Normal control 6 4.19±0.44
Aβ-treated 6 5.82±0.70**
VE-treated 6 4.16±0.46
VE and Aβ treated 6 4.38±0.43△△
TSYZR-treated 6 4.26±0.29
TSYZR and Aβ treated 6 4.93±0.46*△▲
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