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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2013, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (1): 32-38.doi: 10.3736/jintegrmed2013006

• Research Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Curcumin alters motor coordination but not total number of Purkinje cells in the cerebellum of adolescent male Wistar rats

Ginus Partadiredjaa(), Taufik Nur Yahyaa, Christiana Tri Nuryanab, Rina Susilowatic   

  1. a. Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
    b. Department of Anatomy, Embryology, and Anthropology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada,Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
    c. Department of Histology and Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
  • Received:2012-05-15 Accepted:2012-07-05 Online:2013-01-10 Published:2013-01-15

Objective

The present study aimed at investigating the effects of curcumin on the motor coordination and the estimate of the total number of cerebellar Purkinje cells of adolescent Wistar rats exposed to ethanol.


Methods

The total of 21 male Wistar rats aged 37 d old were divided into three groups, namely ethanol, ethanol-curcumin, and control groups. The ethanol group received 1.5 g/kg ethanol injected intraperitoneally and water given per oral; the ethanol-curcumin group received 1.5 g/kg ethanol injected intraperitoneally and curcumin extract given per oral; the control group received saline injection and oral water. The treatment was carried out daily for one month, after which the motor coordination performance of the rats was examined using revolving drum apparatus at test days 1, 8, and 15. The rats were finally sacrificed and the cerebellum of the rats was further processed for stereological analysis. The estimate of the total number of Purkinje cells was calculated using physical fractionator method.


Results

The ethanol-curcumin group performed better than both ethanol and control groups in the motor coordination ability at day 8 of testing (P<0.01). No Purkinje cell loss was observed as a result of one month intraperitoneal injection of ethanol.


Conclusion

Curcumin may exert beneficial effects on the motor coordination of adolescent rats exposed to ethanol via undetermined hormetic mechanisms.

Key words: Curcumin, Purkinje cells, Antioxidants, Rats, Wistar

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Figure 1

The micrograph of the three layers of cerebellum (Light microscopy, ×100) The Purkinje cells counted were those having nucleoli clearly visible (as indicated by arrows). ML: molecular layer; PL: Purkinje cell layer; GL: granule cell layer."

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