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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2019, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (3): 181-191.doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2019.02.002

• Original Experimental Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic activity of Costus speciosus against atherogenic diet-induced hyperlipidemia in rabbits

Fatma Mohamed Hussein Shediwaha, Khalid Mohammed Najib, c(), Hussein Saleh Gumaiha, Fatima A Alhadia, Amani Lutf Al-Hammamia, Myrene Roselyn D'Souzad   

  1. a Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Sana’a University, 13499 Sana’a, Yemen
    b Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Sana’a University, 13499 Sana’a, Yemen
    c Chemical Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, D-78457 Constance, Germany
    d Department of Biochemistry, Mount Carmel College, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560052, India
  • Received:2018-04-27 Accepted:2018-11-14 Online:2019-05-05 Published:2019-05-17

An extract of Costus speciosus (CSE), a herb widely used in folk medicine, was evaluated for its antioxidant, antihyperlipidemic and ameliorating effects on histopathological changes in atherogenic rabbits.
Twenty-four male rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were divided into 4 groups. Three groups were fed a diet containing 3% saturated fat and 1.3% cholesterol for 40?d. One of these was sacrificed on the 40th day and was called the pathogenic (P) group; the other two groups received treatment for another 30?d as follows: one received 0.8?g/(kg·d) of CSE and the other was given 0.01?g/(kg·d) of simvastatin. The normal group was sacrificed on the 70th day and used as a control.
CSE showed radical-scavenging ability. Administration of CSE for a 30-day period resulted in a significant decrease in total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, low-density lipoprotein and aspartate aminotransferase compared to the P group, while levels of hemoglobin, packed corpuscular volume and red blood cells were elevated. With respect to studies performed on the heart, a decrease in malondialdehyde and an increase in reduced glutathione were noted. Total protein increased in the liver, heart and aorta after treatment with CSE and also a marked improvement in histopathological parameters was demonstrated.
The present findings indicate that the C. speciosus rhizome possesses antiatherogenic and antioxidant properties which may provide protective effects against oxidative stress in atherosclerotic rabbits.

Key words: Antioxidants, Atherosclerosis, Costus speciosus, Lipid profile, Myocardial infraction, Simvastatin

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