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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2016, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (4): 241-244.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(16)60262-5

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Optimal fluid intake in daily diet: Avicenna’s view

Majid Nimrouzia,b,c, Vahid Tafazolia,b,c, Babak Daneshfarda,b,c, Manijhe Zarec   

  1. a Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
    b Department of Traditional Persian Medicine, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran 
    c Essence of Parsiyan Wisdom Institute, Phytopharmaceutical Technology and Traditional Medicine Incubator, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • Received:2016-01-20 Accepted:2016-05-15 Online:2016-06-15 Published:2016-07-15
  • Contact: Babak Daneshfard, MD, PhD; E-mail:

Adequate daily water consumption is an important factor of keeping regular homeostasis. However, the best quantity of daily water consumption for a healthy individual is not virtually stated in the literature. Despite the dearth of evidence-based recommendations, it is commonly thought that ingesting eight glasses of water a day is good for a healthy person. Avicenna had a unique viewpoint. He believed that daily water intake depended on numerous elements together with age, intercourse, body temperament, season, occupation and various internal and external elements. He also cited a few essential and useful measures regarding proper water consumption, which have additionally been emphasized in Islamic hadiths.

Key words: Avicenna, Traditional Persian medicine, Daily water intake, Optimal fluid intake, Balance, water, Drinking

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