Search JIM Advanced Search

Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2007, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (2): 216-219.doi: 10.3736/jcim20070226

• Medical Statistics • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Application of statistical idea and the triple-type theory in the scientific research of biomedicine

Liang-ping Hu1, Hui-gang Liu2   

  1. 1. Consulting Center of Biomedical Statistics, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing 100850, China
    2. College of Basic Medical Sciences, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100069, China Abstract
  • Online:2007-03-31 Published:2007-03-15

Key words: statistics, biomedicine, experimental design, statistical analysis

CLC Number: 

  • O212


A药用否 对应的分组结果
不用B药 用B药
不用A药 空白对照组 单用B药组
用A药 单用A药组 A、B药联合使用组


组别 例数 胃电图平均波幅
术前 13 166.3±191.4
术后当日 13 140.1±135.1
术后1 d 13 88.6±65.3
术后2 d 13 201.1±146.1
术前 20 160.2±90.7
术后当日 20 72.3±32.7
术后1 d 20 75.0±47.9
术后2 d 20 74.8±34.4


组别 n 胃电图平均波幅
术前 术后当日 术后1 d 术后2 d
治疗组 13 166.3±191.4 140.1±135.1 88.6±65.3 201.1±146.1
对照组 20 160.2±90.7 72.3±32.7 75.0±47.9 74.8±34.4
[1] 耿直, 金华 . 统计因果推断. //方积乾, 陆盈.现代医学统计学[M]. 北京: 人民卫生出版社,2002. 512-534
Geng Z, Jin H. The causation inference of statistics. In: Fang JQ, Lu Y.Modern medical statistics[M]. Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House, 2002: 512-534
[2] 胡良平, 张天明 . 影响我国科研成果和学术论文质量的要因分析[J]. 科学观察, 2006,1(4):9-19
Hu LP, Zhang TM . Analysis of the important factors affecting the quality of scientific research findings and research papers in China[J]. Ke Xue Guan Cha, 2006,1(4):9-19
[3] 胡良平, 刘惠刚 . 统计学的三型理论及其在生物医学科研中的应用[J]. 中华医学杂志, 2005,85(27):1936-1940
Hu LP, Liu HG . Triple-type theory of statistics and its application in scientific research of biomedicine[J]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi, 2005,85(27):1936-1940
[4] 胡良平 . 统计学三型理论在实验设计中的应用[M]. 北京: 人民军医出版社,2006,Chinese.
P. Application of triple-type theory of statistics in experimental design[M]. Beijing: People's Military Medical Press, 2006.
[1] Bellavite Paolo, Marzotto Marta, Bonafini Clara. Arnica montana experimental studies: Confounders and biases?. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2018, 16(2): 72-76.
[2] Salvatore Chirumbolo, Geir Bjørklund. Homeopathic potencies of Arnica montana L. change gene expression in a Tamm-Horsfall protein-1 cell line in vitro model: The role of ethanol as a possible confounder and statistical bias. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2017, 15(4): 255-264.
[3] Arthur Yin Fan. The methodology flaws in Hinman’s acupuncture clinical trial, Part II: Zelen design and effectiveness dilutions. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2015, 13(3): 136-139.
[4] Arthur Yin Fan. The methodology flaws in Hinman’s acupuncture clinical trial, Part I: Design and results interpretation. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2015, 13(2): 65-68.
[5] Liang-ping Hu, Xiao-lei Bao, Chen-long Lv. Two-factor designs unable to examine the interactions (Part 2). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(9): 966-969.
[6] Ming T. Tan , Jian-ping Liu , Lixing Lao. Adequate application of quantitative and qualitative statistic analytic methods in acupuncture clinical trials. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(8): 847-852.
[7] Liang-ping Hu, Xiao-lei Bao, Chen-yi Guo . Two-factor designs unable to examine the interactions (Part 1). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(8): 853-857.
[8] Liang-ping Hu , Xiao-lei Bao, Chen-long Lü . How to choose an appropriate experimental design type (Part 2). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(7): 738-742.
[9] Liang-ping Hu, Xiao-lei Bao. How to choose an appropriate experimental design type (Part 1). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(6): 615-618.
[10] Liang-ping Hu, Xiao-lei Bao, Qi Wang . The balance principle in scientific research. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(5): 504-507.
[11] Liang-ping Hu, Xiao-lei Bao, Xue Guan . Estimation of sample size and testing power (Part 7). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(4): 380-383.
[12] Hu Liang-ping, Bao Xiao-lei, Guan Xue, Zhou Shi-guo. Estimation of sample size and testing power (Part 6). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(3): 298-302.
[13] Hu Liang-ping, Bao Xiao-lei, Guan Xue, Zhou Shi-guo. Estimation of sample size and testing power (Part 5). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(2): 154-159.
[14] Xiao-lei Bao, Liang-ping Hu. Multifactor designs able to examine the interactions. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(12): 1371-1374.
[15] Liang-ping Hu, Xiao-lei Bao. Three-factor designs unable to examine the interactions (Part 2). Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1229-1232.
Full text



[1] Jin-rong Fu. Establishment of multivariate diagnosis and treatment system of modern gynecology of traditional Chinese medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 22-24
[2] Hao Li, Ming-jiang Yao, Wen-ming Zhao, Jie Guan, Lin-lin Cai, Ling Cui. A randomized, controlled, double-blind trial of Huannao Yicong capsule in senile patients with mild cognitive impairment. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 25-31
[3] Zhi-chun Jin. Problems in establishing clinical guideline for integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 5-8
[4] SUN Ming-yu, ZUO Jian, DUAN Ji-feng, HAN Jun, FAN Shi-ming, ZHANG Wei, ZHU Li-fang, YAO Ming-hui. Antitumor activities of kushen flavonoids in vivo and in vitro. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 51-59
[5] Min Cheng, Qiong Feng, Shu-wen Qian, Hui Gao, Cui-qing Zhu. Preliminary assay of p-amyloid binding elements in heart-beneficial recipe. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 68-72
[6] Ning-qun Wang, Liang-duo Jiang, Zong-xing Li. Research progress in asthma-related quality of life. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(1): 93-97
[7] Jing-yuan Mao, Chang-xiao Liu, Heng-he Wang, Guang-li Wei , Zhen-peng Zhang, Jie Xing, Wang Xian liang , Ying-fei Bi . Effects of Shenmai Injection on serum concentration and pharmacokinetics of digoxin in dogs with heart failure. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1070-1074
[8] Zhi-mei Wang, Bin Zhang. A study on translation of ellipses in Huangdi Neijing from perspective of hermeneutic theory. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(11): 1097-1100
[9] Gui Yu, Jie Wang. Thinking on building the network cardiovasology of Chinese medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1206-1210
[10] Pedro Saganha João, Doenitz Christoph, Greten Tobias, Efferth Thomas, J. Greten Henry. Qigong therapy for physiotherapists suffering from burnout: a preliminary study. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1233-1239