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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2018, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (4): 223-235.doi: 10.1016/j.joim.2018.05.004

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Phytochemistry and biological activities of Heracleum persicum: A review

Zahra Majidi, S.N. Sadati Lamardi   

  1. Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 14155-6451, Iran
  • Received:2017-12-20 Accepted:2018-04-20 Online:2018-07-09 Published:2018-05-24
  • Contact: S.N. Sadati Lamardi; E-mail: n_sadati@tums.ac.ir

Heracleum persicum Desf. ex Fisch is used in Iranian traditional medicines, for the treatment of various diseases including neurological, gastrointestinal, respiratory, rheumatological and urinary tract diseases. In phytochemical analysis of H. persicum, several classes of natural chemicals including volatile (aliphatic esters, carbonyls, phenyl propenes and terpenes) and nonvolatile (flavonoids, furanocoumarins, tannins and alkaloids) constituents as well as different minerals have been identified. Scientific studies on H. persicum proved that it has a wide range of biological and pharmacological activities. This article has provided comprehensive information on Iranian traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of H. persicum.

Key words: Golpar, Heracleum persicum, Pharmacology, Phytochemistry

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