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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2014, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (2): 121-126.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(14)60017-0

• Research Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Medicinal potential of Passiflora foetida L. plant extracts: Biological and pharmacological activities

Md. Asadujjamana, Ahmed Ullah Mishuka, Md. Aslam Hossaina, Utpal Kumar Karmakara,b   

  1. Pharmacy Discipline, Life Science School, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh
    Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, Chiba-260-8675, Japan
  • Received:2013-11-07 Accepted:2014-01-24 Online:2014-03-10 Published:2014-03-15

Objective

To investigate analgesic, antidiarrhoeal and cytotoxic activities of the ethanol extract of Passiflora foetida L. (Passifloraceae) by three experimental methods. 

Methods

Analgesic activity of the ethanol extract of Passiflora foetida L. (EEPF) was carried out using acetic acid-induced writhing inhibition in mice. The method of castor oil-induced diarrhoea in mice was utilized to evaluate antidiarrhoeal activity. The cytotoxic activity of EEPF was explored with a brine shrimp lethality bioassay. 

Results

The extract showed 68.75% and 30.00% inhibition of writhe at the doses of 500 and 250 mg/kg body weight, respectively. The extract increased the mean latent period prior to diarrhoeal onset to about 1.55 h and 1.17 h, and decreased the mean number of stools to 4.4 and 5.6 at the doses of 500 and 250 mg/kg body weight. The extract also demonstrated cytotoxic activity in the brine shrimp lethality assay, and the median lethal concentration for brine shrimp nauplii was 80 μg/mL. 

Conclusion

The results suggest that the plant extract has analgesic and antidiarrhoeal activities, supporting its uses in traditional medicine. The results also demonstrate that the plant extract possesses cytotoxic activities.

Key words: Passiflora, Plant extracts, Analgesics, Antidiarrheals, Cytotoxins, Mice

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