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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2008, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (2): 115-118.doi: 10.3736/jcim20080202

• Editorial • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Introduction to the consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research

Yu-tong Fei, Jian-ping Liu(), He Yu, Xia Wan   

  1. Centre for Evidence-based Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2007-05-11 Online:2008-02-20 Published:2008-02-15
  • Contact: LIU Jian-ping E-mail:jianping_l@hotmail.com

Qualitative research methods are becoming more and more important in medical research area. Some qualitative researches played important roles in the exploration and the spread of core ideas of Chinese medicine. The report of qualitative research should be transparent and credible according to the standardized report criterion. On the basis of 22 criteria, the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ) was developed and published in September 2007. This introduction to COREQ will be helpful to Chinese qualitative researchers and readers in the implementation of high quality of medical qualitative research in China.

Key words: qualitative research, interviews, focus groups, reference standards

CLC Number: 

  • R-03

"

编号 项目 提示性问题/描述
第一部分:研究团队和过程反映
研究者个人特征
1 访谈者/组织者 哪位(些)文章作者实施的访谈或焦点组访谈?
2 学位/学历 研究者的学位是什么?例如:理学博士(PhD)或医学博士(MD)
3 职业 在研究进行时,研究者的职业是什么?
4 性别 研究者是男性还是女性?
5 经验和培训 研究者的经验和培训情况如何?
研究者与参与者的关系
6 关系建立 与参与者的关系是在开始研究前就建立了吗?
7 参与者对访谈者的了解 参与者了解访谈者的哪些信息?如个人目标及研究依据和理由
8 访谈者特征 文中报告了访谈者/组织者的哪些特征?如偏倚、研究结果猜测、进行研究的原因和兴趣
第二部分:研究设计
理论框架
9 方法学观念和理论 文章报告了哪些在研究中被应用的方法学观念、理论和方法?如扎根理论、话语分析、人种学和内容分析
选择参与者
10 抽样 如何选择参与者?如目的性抽样、便利性抽样、连续性抽样、滚雪球抽样
11 与参与者沟通的方法 如何与参与者沟通?如面对面、电话、信件或电子邮件
12 样本量 研究中有多少参与者?
13 拒绝参加研究或中途脱落 多少人拒绝参加研究或中途脱落?原因何在?
场所
14 资料收集场所 在哪里收集的资料?如家里、诊所或工作场所
15 在场的非参与者 除了参与者与访谈者外,是否还有其他人在场?
16 样本描述 样本的主要特征都是什么?如人口学信息和日期
收集资料
17 访谈提纲 访谈中所用到的问题、提示和提纲等是否由文章作者提供? 是否经过预访谈检验?
18 重复访谈 是否进行过重复访谈?如果进行过,有多少次?
19 音/像录制 研究是否通过录音或录像收集资料?
20 场记 在个体访谈/焦点组访谈过程中和(或)结束后是否作了场记?
21 时长 个体访谈或焦点组访谈的时长是多少?
22 信息饱和 是否讨论了信息饱和问题?
23 转录文字返还 访谈转录成文字后是否返还给参与者征询意见和(或)纠正错误?
第三部分:分析和结果
分析资料
24 资料编码的数量 共用了多少个代码对资料进行编码?
25 描述编码树 作者是否描述了编码树?
26 主题来源 主题是预设的,还是源自获得的资料?
27 软件 如果用了软件来管理资料,软件的名称和必要信息是什么?
28 参与者检查 参与者是否提供了对研究结果的反馈?
报告
29 报告引文 是否用了参与者引文来说明主题或结果?每条引文是否都有身份标记?如参与者编号
30 资料和结果的一致性 根据报告的资料能否得出研究的结果?
31 重要主题的清晰报告 研究结果中是否清晰报告了重要主题?
32 次要主题的清晰报告 是否有对特殊案例的描述和对次要主题的讨论?
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