Search JIM Advanced Search

Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2011, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (4): 382-389.doi: 10.3736/jcim20110406

• Original Clinical Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Stratified analysis of the relationship between traditional Chinese medicine constitutional types and health status in the general population based on data of 8448 cases

Zhu Yan-bo1(), Qi Wang2, Ke-fan Chen3, Yu-e Wu1, Wei-li Hong1, Li Liu1   

  1. 1. School of Administration, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
    2. School of Preclinical Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
    3. Education Office, Beijing Chao-yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China
  • Received:2010-10-04 Accepted:2010-12-24 Online:2011-04-20 Published:2011-04-15
  • Contact: Zhu Yan-bo E-mail:yanbo0722@sina.com

Objective: To examine the relationship between traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) constitutional types and health status among groups of different age or gender in the general population of China.
Methods: Data of 8 448 cases were randomly sampled from a database of 21 948 cases of a cross-sectional survey on the TCM constitutional types and health status which was carried out in 9 provinces or municipalities of China (Jiangsu, Anhui, Gansu, Qinghai, Fujian, Beijing, Jilin, Jiangxi and Henan) according to gender and age structure of the Chinese population in 2005. Scores of health-related quality of life scale — the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (MOS SF-36) — were analyzed by Nemenyi test to compare the health status of individuals with different constitutional types.
Results: Compared with the gentleness type, the MOS SF-36 scores of the 8 types of pathological constitution were significantly low (P<0.05) among groups of different age or gender. The MOS SF-36 score was the lowest in men of the qi-deficiency, qi-depression and blood-stasis types, while it was the lowest in women of the phlegm-dampness, qi-depression and qi-deficiency types. For the age group of 15 to 34, the special diathesis, qi-depression and blood-stasis types had the lowest MOS SF-36 scores; for the age group of 35 to 59, the qi-deficiency, qi-depression and blood-stasis types had the lowest MOS SF-36 scores; for the age group of over 60, the qi-deficiency, qi-depression and phlegm-dampness types had the lowest MOS SF-36 scores.
Conclusion: In groups of different gender or age, the MOS SF-36 scores of the 8 types of pathological constitution were significantly lower than that of the gentleness type, indicating a deficient health status. The health status of different types of constitution showed different characteristics in groups of different gender or age.

Key words: physical constitution theory, constitution in Chinese medicine questionnaire, health status, quality of life

[1] Wang Q. Constitution science of traditional Chinese medicine[M]. Beijing: People’s Medical Publishing House, 2005: 2-45
王琦 . 中医体质学[M]. 北京: 人民卫生出版社, 2005: 2-45
[2] Ware JE, Snow KK, Kosinski M, Gandek B . SF-36 health survey manual and interpretation guide[M]. Boston: New England Medical Center, The Health Institute, 1993
[3] Liu CJ, Li NX, Ren XH, Li J, Zhang J, Sun D . Feasibility of using short form 36 in Chinese population[J]. Huaxi Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao, 2001,32(1):39-42
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-173X.2001.01.012
刘朝杰, 李宁秀, 任晓晖, 李俊, 张骏, 孙丁 . 36条目简明量表在中国人群中的适用性研究[J]. 华西医科大学学报, 2001,32(1):39-42
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-173X.2001.01.012
[4] Wang Q, Zhu YB, Xue HS, Li S . Primary compiling of Constitution in Chinese Medicine Questionnaire[J]. Zhongguo Lin Chuang Kang Fu, 2006,10(3):12-14
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1673-8225.2006.03.009
王琦, 朱燕波, 薛禾生, 李稍 . 中医体质量表的初步编制[J]. 中国临床康复, 2006,10(3):12-14
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1673-8225.2006.03.009
[5] Zhu YB, Wang Q, Xue HS, Orikasa Q . Preliminary assessment on performance of Constitution in Chinese Medicine Questionnaire[J]. Zhongguo Lin Chuang Kang Fu, 2006,10(3):15-17
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1673-8225.2006.03.010
朱燕波, 王琦, 薛禾生, 折笠秀树 . 中医体质量表性能的初步评价[J]. 中国临床康复, 2006,10(3):15-17
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1673-8225.2006.03.010
[6] Zhu YB, Wang Q, Origasa H . Evaluation on reliability and validity of the constitution in Chinese medicine questionnaire(CCMQ)[J]. Zhongguo Xing Wei Yi Xue Ke Xue, 2007,16(7):651-654
doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-6554.2007.07.032
朱燕波, 王琦, 折笠秀树 . 中医体质量表的信度和效度评价[J]. 中国行为医学科学, 2007,16(7):651-654
doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-6554.2007.07.032
[7] Zhu YB, Wang Q, Chen KF, Luo XX, Tang F . Predictors of health-related quality of life in the general population[J]. Zhonghua Xing Wei Yi Xue Yu Nao Ke Xue Za Zhi, 2009,18(3):254-259
doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-6554.2009.03.026
朱燕波, 王琦, 陈柯帆, 骆晓霞, 唐芳 . 一般人群健康相关生命质量的预测因素[J]. 中华行为医学与脑科学杂志, 2009,18(3):254-259
doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-6554.2009.03.026
[8] Department of Population and Employment of the National Bureau of Statistics of China. The population of China(2005)[M]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2007
国家统计局人口和就业统计司. 2005中国人口[M]. 北京: 中国统计出版社, 2007
[9] Wang Q . Classification and diagnosis basis of nine basic constitutions in Chinese medicine[J]. Beijing Zhong Yi Yao Da Xue Xue Bao, 2005,28(4):1-8
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1006-2157.2005.04.001
王琦 . 9种基本中医体质类型的分类及其诊断表述依据[J]. 北京中医药大学学报, 2005,28(4):1-8
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1006-2157.2005.04.001
[10] Wang Q, Zhu YB, Wu CY, Deng QW, Shen SL, Cui ZZ, Xia ZY, Origasa H . Correlation between constitution in Chinese medicine and health-related quality of life[J]. Zhongguo Zu Zhi Gong Cheng Yan Jiu Yu Lin Chuang Kang Fu, 2007,11(49):9946-9950
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1673-8225.2007.49.035
王琦, 朱燕波, 吴承玉, 邓棋卫, 沈世林, 崔正植, 夏仲元, 折笠秀树 . 中医体质与健康相关生命质量的相关性[J]. 中国组织工程研究与临床康复, 2007,11(49):9946-9950
doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1673-8225.2007.49.035
[1] Gerli E.G. Herr, Fábio Goulart da Silva, Francisco José Cidral-Filho, Fabricia Petronilho, Lucinéia Gainski Danielski, Mariana Pereira de Souza Goldim, Afonso Shiguemi Inoue Salgado, Franciane Bobinski, Daniel Fernandes Martins, Eliane R. Winkelmann. Effects of the use of bioceramic wraps in patients with lower limb venous ulcers: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2020, 18(1): 27-.
[2] Goulnar Kasymjanova, Anh-Thi Tran, Victor Cohen, Carmela Pepe, Lama Sakr, David Small, Jason Scott Agulnik, Robert Thomas Jagoe. The use of a standardized Chinese herbal formula in patients with advanced lung cancer: A feasibility study. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2018, 16(6): 390-395.
[3] Ching-Feng Su. Home care with acupuncture increased the quality of life in a patient with advanced cancer with neuropathic pain induced by bone metastasis: A case report. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2018, 16(3): 208-210.
[4] Hidetoshi Mori, Hiroshi Kuge, Shunji Sakaguchi, Tim Hideaki Tanaka, Junji Miyazaki. Determination of symptoms associated with hiesho among young females using hie rating surveys. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2018, 16(1): 34-38.
[5] Molly J. Mallory, Alexander Do, Sara E. Bublitz, Susan J. Veleber, Brent A. Bauer, Anjali Bhagra. Puncturing the myths of acupuncture. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2016, 14(5): 311-314.
[6] Susana Seca, Sebastian Kirch, António S.Cabrita, Henry J.Greten. Evaluation of the effect of acupuncture on hand pain, functional deficits and health-related quality of life in patients with rheumatoid arthritis—A study protocol for a multicenter, double-blind, randomized clinical trial. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2016, 14(3): 219-227.
[7] Paulo AraujoDias, André Brito Bastos Guimarães, Andrea de Oliveira Albuquerque, Karoline Lucasde Oliveira, Maria Luzete CostaCavalcante, Sergio BotelhoGuimarães. Short-term complementary and alternative medicine on quality of life in women with fibromyalgia. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2016, 14(1): 29-35.
[8] Heather Ann Hausenblas, Debbie Saha, Pamela Jean Dubyak, Stephen Douglas Anton. Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) and major depressive disorder: A meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2013, 11(6): 377-383.
[9] Jian Liu, Chuan-bing Huang, Yuan Wang, Gui-qin Xu, Yuan-yuan Cheng, Yun-xia Feng, Lei Liu, Ya-jun Qi. Chinese herbal medicine Xinfeng Capsule in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: Study protocol of a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2013, 11(6): 428-434.
[10] Feng-bin Liu, Zheng-kun Hou, Yun-ying Yang, Pei-wu Li, Qian-wen Li, Nelson Xie, Jing-wei Li, Xiang-jing Zeng. Literature review and analysis of the application of health outcome assessment instruments in Chinese medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2013, 11(3): 157-167.
[11] Feng-bin Liu, Zheng-kun Hou, Yun-ying Yang, Zheng-zheng Zhang, Di Xie, Nelson Xie, Hong Thach Nguyen. Literature review and analysis of the development of health outcomes assessment instruments in Chinese medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2013, 11(2): 80-89.
[12] Xiao-ling Jiang, Ying Zhang, Ying Lei, Gui-fang Hu, Zheng-gang Zhang, Zhong-ju Xiao. Case-control study on the association between qi-stagnation and insomnia. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(6): 655-662.
[13] Li Min, Yang Ming-hui, Liu Yi. Effects of Chinese herbal medicine Bushen Huoxue Granule on quality of life of patients with Parkinson disease: a randomized, double-blinded and placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(3): 310-317.
[14] Gui-xiang Chu, Qing-guang Chen, Jia-tuo Xu , Bo Yu , Min Zhang , Long-tao Cui , Hong-jin Wu , Zhao-fu Fei. Analysis on pulse diagram characteristics of subjects with subhealth state. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(10): 1099-1105.
[15] Wu Hong-jin, Xu Jia-tuo, Lu Lu-ming, Chen Xiao, Tu Li-ping, Zhang Zhi-feng. Facial spectrum and color characteristics of five viscera reflecting on the face in sub-health status. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(1): 59-66.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Pedro Saganha João, Doenitz Christoph, Greten Tobias, Efferth Thomas, J. Greten Henry. Qigong therapy for physiotherapists suffering from burnout: a preliminary study. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(11): 1233-1239
[2] Xiao-qiang Yue, Xue Yang, Jian Cui. To explore "the relief time" of diseases involving the six meridians in Shang Han Lun in light of the sequence of three yin and three yang. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2008, 6(2): 124-127
[3] Li Xiao-hong, Li Jing-jing, Liu Yue-yun, Chen Jia-xu. Central neurobiological mechanism of liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome based on chronic stress: a review. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(1): 1-6
[4] Jing-zhe Zhang, Xue-lin Zhang, Ju Gao, Ping Shen, En-wei Ma, Hong-gang Gu, Pei-ting Zhu. Impact of antipyretic and purgative herbs on intestinal mucosal barrier and inflammatory response in treatment of acute cholangitis in rats. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2005, 3(3): 211-215
[5] Shi-rong Huang, Yin-yu Shi, Guan-tong Shi. Pathogenic factors of blood circulation disturbance in lumbar intervertebral disc herniation and mechanism of Tuina manipulation in promoting circulation. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2003, 1(4): 255-258
[6] Shi-li Jiang, Xu-dong Hu, Ping Liu. Immunomodulation and liver protection of Yinchenhao decoction against concanavalin A-induced chronic liver injury in mice. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2015, 13(4): 262-268
[7] Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Marília dos Santos Andrade, Cássia Regina Vancini-Campanharo, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira. Concepts of biological rhythmicity and chronobiology in the Holy Bible. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2015, 13(5): 279-280
[8] Mao Zhi-min, Song Hai-yan, Yang Li-li, Liu Tao, Li Dong-fei, Zheng Pei-yong, Liu Ping, Ji Guang. Effects of the mixture of Swertia pseudochinensis Hara and Silybum marianum Gaertn extracts on CCl4-induced liver injury in rats with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(2): 193-199
[9] Yu-ting Yin, Xiao-wan Li , Yang Dong , Jian-rong Shi. Research progress in biological basis of cold and heat essence of Chinese medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(12): 1328-1335
[10] Kaulaskar Shyam, Bhutada Pravinkumar, Rahigude Anand, Jain Dilpesh, Harle Uday. Effects of naringenin on allodynia and hyperalgesia in rats with chronic constriction injury-induced neuropathic pain. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(12): 1482-1489