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|||National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR). Comparative effectiveness research ( CER) (Also known as patient- centered outcomes research). ( 2010 -07-28) [2011-05- 16].|
|||The Congress of the United States,Congressional Budget Office. Research on the comparative effectiveness of medical treatments: issues and options for an expanded federal role. ( 2007 -12) [2011-05-16].|
Wen ZH .Thinking of Chinese medicine clinical therapeutic efficacy contents and research strategies. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2011; 31(4):452-454. Chinese with abstract inEnglish.
温泽淮 . 中医临床疗效评价内容与研究策略的思考.中国中西医结合杂志. 2011; 31(4):452-454.
|||Wu DR .Thinking of basic problems for Chinese medicine clinical therapeutic efficacy assessement. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2011; 31(4):455-458. Chinese with abstract inEnglish.|
|吴大嵘 . 中医临床疗效评价基础性问题思考.中国中西医结合杂志. 2011; 31(4):455-458|
Ye LS, Liu YD . Experience from American CER and GWTG. Zhongguo Yi Yao Dao Bao. 2009; 6(34):120-123. Chinese.
叶林书, 刘永东 . 美国CER和GWTG研究择撷与教益.中国医药导报. 2009; 6(34):120-123.
|||Sackett DL, Straus S, Richardson S, Rosenberg W, Haynes RB . Evidence-based medicine : how to practice and teach EBM. 2nd ed. London: Churchill Livingstone. 2000.|
|||Wu YQ, Hu YH . Application of pragmatic clinical trials in clinical evaluation of Chinese medicine. Zhongguo Zhong XiYi Jie He Za Zhi. 2011; 30(12):1241-1244. Chinese with abstract inEnglish.|
|武轶群, 胡永华 . 实用性临床试验在中医疗效评价中的应用.中国中西医结合杂志. 2011; 30(12):1241-1244.|
|||Manchikanti L, Falco FJ, Boswell MV, Hirsch JA . Facts, fallacies, and politics of comparative effectiveness research: Part I. Basic considerations. Pain Physician. 2010; 13(1) : E23-E54.|
Comparative effectiveness: its origin, evolution,influence on health care. J Oncol Pract. 2009; 5(2):80-82.
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|||Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute . About PCOR.[ 2011-05-16]. . About PCOR. [2011-05-16]. .|
|||U.S. Government Accountability Office. GAO announces appointments to new Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute ( PCORI) Board of Governors. ( 2010 -09-23) [2011-05-16].|
Patel K . Health reform’s tortuous route to the patient- centered outcomes research institute. Health Aff (Milwood). 2010; 29(10):1777-1782.
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|||Center for Medical Technology Policy. Overview of the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. ( 2008) [ 2011-05-16].|
|||Medicare Payment Advisory Commission,Miller ME. Report to the Congress: reforming the delivery system. ( 2008 -09-16) [2011-05-16].|
|||Federal Coordinating Council for Comparative Effectiveness Research. Report to the President and the Congress. ( 2009 -06-30) [2011-05-16].|
American College of Physicians. Information on cost- effectiveness: an essential product of a national comparative effectiveness program. Ann Intern Med. 2008 ; 148(12):956-961.
|||Sculpher M . Subgroups and heterogeneity in cost- effectiveness analysis. Pharmacoeconomics. 2008; 26(9):799-806.|
Committee on Comparative Effectiveness Research Prioritization,Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. Initial national priorities for comparative effectiveness research. Washington, D. C.: National Academies Press .. 2009.
|||Center for Medical Technology Policy. Comparative effectiveness definitions. ( 2008)[ 2011-05-16]. 2008) [2011-05-16]. .|
Aickin M . Comparative effectiveness research and CAM.[J] Altern Complement Med. 2010; 16(1):1-2.
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|||Drozda JP, Bufalino VJ, Fasules JW, Peterson ED, Redberg RF, Wright JS, Allen JM . ACC 2009 Advocacy Position Statement: Principles for comparative effectiveness research. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009; 54(18):1744-1746.|
|||Witt CM . Clinical research on acupuncture — Concepts and guidance on efficacy and effectiveness research. Chin J Integr Med. 2011; 17(3):166-172.|
|||Fabiana de Almeida Andrade, Caio Fabio Schlechta Portella. Research methods in complementary and alternative medicine: An integrative review. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2018, 16(1): 6-13.|
|||Feng-bin Liu, Zheng-kun Hou, Yun-ying Yang, Pei-wu Li, Qian-wen Li, Nelson Xie, Jing-wei Li, Xiang-jing Zeng. Literature review and analysis of the application of health outcome assessment instruments in Chinese medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2013, 11(3): 157-167.|
|||Zhao-lan Liu, Qing Li , Yu-jie Mu , Ying Gao, Jian-ping Liu. Using nested case-control study to appraise the effectiveness of Chinese medicines in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(9): 991-996.|
|||Zhang-ling Zhou, Cheng-xin Li, Yue-bo Jiang, Cong Zuo, Yun Cai, Rui Wang. Correlation between facial nerve functional evaluation and efficacy evaluation of acupuncture treatment for Bell’s palsy. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(9): 997-1002.|
|||Jian-sheng Li, Ya Li, Su-yun Li, Yuan-yuan Wang, Li Deng, Yan-ge Tian, Su-li Jiang , Ying Wang. Long-term effects of Tiaobu Feishen therapies on systemic and local inflammation responses in rats with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(9): 1039-1048.|
|||Wei-hua Xu, Ze-huai Wen, Wei-xiong Liang, Qi Wang. A review of research on the development of instruments for therapeutic efficacy evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(7): 726-737.|
|||Hong-bo Cao, Hong-cai Shang . Connotations and extensions of comparative effectiveness research and feasibility analysis for clinical evaluation in traditional Chinese medicine. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(4): 369-374.|
|||Li-xin Ma, Yu-yi Wang, Xin-xue Li, Jian-ping Liu . Systematic review on methodology of randomized controlled trials of post-marketing Chinese patent drugs for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(3): 279-292.|
|||Ying-fei Bi, Jing-yuan Mao. Application of Delphi method in traditional Chinese medicine clinical research. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(3): 264-270.|
|||Yan-bo Zhu , Hideki Origasa, Xiao-xia Luo, Yang-yang Wang , Jie Di , Lin Lin. Responsiveness of three subjective report of outcome measures for chronic heart failure. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2012, 10(12): 1375-1381.|
|||Hui Luo, Jian-ping Liu . Quality and validity of randomized controlled trials in China from the perspective of systematic reviews. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2011, 9(7): 697-701.|
|||Lei Wang, Li-heng Guo, Jun Zhang, Xu-jie Zhao, Min-zhou Zhang. A study protocol for clinical pathways based on integrative medicine for patients with acute myocardial infarction. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2011, 9(7): 725-731.|
|||Shi-jie Zhu , Li-qun Jia, Pei-wen Li. Clinical evaluation of the efficacy of external therapies of traditional Chinese medicine in treatment of cancer pain. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2011, 9(1): 11-14.|
|||the Project Group for Demonstration Study of Syndrome Differentiation Protocol Effect Evaluation of Acute Ischemic Stroke, Yan Huang, Jian-wen Guo. Outcome and safety assessment of an herbal medicine treatment protocol for yin pattern of acute ischemic stroke. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(5): 417-426.|
|||Yong Miao Edwin. Clinical critical qualitative evaluation of the selected randomized controlled trials in current acupuncture researches for low back pain. Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine, 2010, 8(12): 1133-1146.|