Objective: To investigate the effects of the combination of α-keto acid and low-protein diet on the levels of serum cytokines in patients performing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and to explore the relationship between inflammation and malnutrition in CAPD patients.
Methods: Eighty-nine CAPD patients were randomized into three groups, and 78 cases completed a one-year follow-up and with complete data. There were 31 cases in low-protein diet plus α-keto acid group, 26 cases in low-protein diet group and 21 cases in routine-protein diet group. The levels of serum albumin (Alb), prealbumin (PA), retinol-binding protein (RBP), transferrin (TRF), cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), leptin, and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), body mass index (BMI) were measured. The changes of serum interleukin-1α (IL-1α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were also detected.
Results: Compared with low-protein diet group, serum levels of PA, RBP and TRF were significantly increased both in low-protein diet plus α-keto acid and routine-protein diet groups (P<0.01), however, there was no significant difference in the levels of PA, RBP and TRF between low-protein diet plus α-keto acid group and routine-protein diet group. There was an increased tendency in the content of Alb, TC, TG, BMI, TSF and MAMC, but there were no significant differences. The plasma levels of IL-1α, IL-6 and TNF-α in low-protein diet plus α-keto acid group were decreased as compared with the routine-protein diet group, but there were no significant differences. The plasma level of CRP in low-protein diet plus α-keto acid group was lower than that in the routine-protein diet group (P<0.01).
Conclusion: The combination of α-keto acid and low-protein diet can ameliorate malnutrition and micro-inflammation in CAPD patients.