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Journal of Integrative Medicine ›› 2015, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 257-261.doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(15)60181-9

Special Issue: Massages

• Research Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Immediate effects of Tuina techniques on working-related musculoskeletal disorder of professional orchestra musicians

Cláudia Maria Sousaa, Luis Moreirab,c, Daniela Coimbrad, Jorge Machadoa, Henry J. Gretena,e,f   

  1. a University of Porto, Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, 4099-030 Porto, Portugal
    b Jean Piaget Health Superior School, 4405-708 Gaia, Portugal
    c Research in Education and Community Intervention – RECI, 3515-776 Viseu, Portugal
    d Porto Polytechnic Institute, Superior School of Music and Performing Arts, i2ads, 4000-035 Porto, Portugal
    e German Society of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 69126 Heidelberg, Germany
    f Heidelberg School of Chinese Medicine, 69126 Heidelberg, Germany
  • Received:2015-01-27 Accepted:2015-03-16 Online:2015-07-10 Published:2015-07-15

Background
Musicians are a prone group to suffer from working-related musculoskeletal disorder (WRMD). Conventional solutions to control musculoskeletal pain include pharmacological treatment and rehabilitation programs but their efficiency is sometimes disappointing.
Objective
The aim of this research is to study the immediate effects of Tuina techniques on WRMD of professional orchestra musicians from the north of Portugal.
Design, setting, participants and interventions
We performed a prospective, controlled, single-blinded, randomized study. Professional orchestra musicians with a diagnosis of WRMD were randomly distributed into the experimental group (n = 39) and the control group (= 30). During an individual interview, Chinese diagnosis took place and treatment points were chosen. Real acupoints were treated by Tuina techniques into the experimental group and non-specific skin points were treated into the control group. Pain was measured by verbal numerical scale before and immediately after intervention.
Results
After one treatment session, pain was reduced in 91.8% of the cases for the experimental group and 7.9% for the control group.
Conclusion
Although results showed that Tuina techniques are effectively reducing WRMD in professional orchestra musicians of the north of Portugal, further investigations with stronger measurements, double-blinding designs and bigger simple sizes are needed.

Key words: Diagnosis (TCM), Stress, Tuina, Musicians, Musculoskeletal disorders

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