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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2008, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (9): 915-920.doi: 10.3736/jcim20080908

• Original Experimental Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of Qufeng Tongluo Recipe on proliferation of and TGF-β1 and IL-6 mRNA expressions in glomerular mesangial cells from rats

Wan-sen Sun(), Zhu Wang, Juan Wang, Qiao-ya Ma, Xiao-qiang Zhang, Xi-li Wu   

  1. Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Second Affiliated Hospital of College of Medicine,Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710004, China
  • Received:2008-01-29 Online:2008-09-20 Published:2008-09-15

Objective: To investigate the effects of Qufeng Tongluo Recipe (QFTLR), a compound of traditional Chinese herbal medicine for dispelling wind and removing obstruction in the meridians, on cell proliferation and expressions of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNAs induced by lippolysaccharide in glomerular mesangial cells from rats.
Methods: The method of serum pharmacology was used. A total of 32 rats were divided into normal control group, untreated group, QFTLR group and positive control group which also was named Monopril (fosinopril sodium) group. Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis was induced by injection of antithymocyte serum in the rats except for the normal control group. Sera of the rats were obtained after corresponding interventions. Lipopolysaccharide-induced proliferation of rat mesangial cells (MCs) cultured in the respective serum-containing media was detected by the method of methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, and the expressions of TGF-β1 and IL-6 mRNAs were analyzed by the method of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction.
Results: Compared with the untreated group, QFTLR showed remarkable inhibitory function on the proliferation of the mesangial cells (P<0.05). The expressions of TGF-β1 mRNA in mesangial cells were increased in the untreated group, QFTLR group and Monopril group when compared with the normal control group (P<0.01), but the TGF-β1 mRNA expressions in QFTLR group and in Monopril group were lower than that in the untreated group. The IL-6 mRNA expression could be increased by the LPS stimulation, and it was significantly higher in the other three groups than that in the normal control group, including the untreated group, the Monopril group and the QFTLR group (P<0.01). Compared with the untreated group, the expression of IL-6 mRNA was decreased by QFTLR and Monopril (P<0.01). QFTLR was better than Monopril in inhibiting the proliferation of the mesangial cells and decreasing the expressions of TGF-β1 and IL-6 mRNAs (P<0.05).
Conclusion: QFTLR has great inhibitory effect on mesangial cell proliferation and expressions of TGF-β1 and IL-6 mRNAs, which may be one of its mechanisms in postponing glomerular sclerosis.

Key words: Qufeng Tongluo Recipe, mesangial cell, pharmacology (TCD), transforming growth factor-betal, interleukin-6, rats

CLC Number: 

  • R295.5

Table 1

Effects of QFTLR-containing serum on MC proliferation induced by LPS stimulation(x±s)"

Group n OD
Normal control 6 1.253±0.149
Untreated 6 1.960±0.205*
Monopril 6 1.712±0.121*
QFTLR 6 1.386±0.111△▲

Figure 1

Effects of QFTLR-containing serum on MC proliferation induced by LPS stimulation(Light microscopy, ×400) A: Normal control group; B: Untreated group; C: Monopril group; D: QFTLR group."

Table 2

Effects of QFTLR-containing serum on expression of TGF-β1 and IL-6 mRNAs in MC (x±s)"

Group n TGF-β1 mRNA/β-actin IL-6 mRNA/β-actin
Normal control 3 0.267±0.009 0.350±0.012
Untreated 3 0.740±0.012** 0.940±0.012**
Monopril 3 0.663±0.009**△△ 0.853±0.009**△△
QFTLR 3 0.443±0.062**△△▲▲ 0.627±0.018**△△▲▲

Figure 2

Expression of IL-6 mRNA in MC detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction A: Normal control group; B: Untreated group; C: Monopril group; D: QFTLR group."

Figure 3

Expression of TGF-β1 mRNA in MC detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction A: Normal control group; B: Untreated group; C: Monopril group; D: QFTLR group."

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