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Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine ›› 2003, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (4): 273-276.doi: 10.3736/jcim20030413

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Regulation effects of Gegen recipe and Guizhi recipe on expression of IL-1β, iNOS, TNFα, TGFβ mRNA in degenerated cervical intervertebral disk in rabbits

Yong-jun Wang, Qi Shi, Chong-jian Zhou, Bao-xing Hou, Mei Liu, Wen Mo   

  1. Institute of Spinal Disease, Longhua Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200032, China
  • Received:2003-09-04 Online:2003-12-20 Published:2003-12-20


To study the effects of Gegen Recipe and Guizhi Recipe regulating the expression of IL-1β, iNOS, TNFα and TGFβ mRNA in degenerated intervertebral disk caused by stimulation of wind, cold and damp.


Thirty-six rabbits were randomly separated into six groups, viz. control group, stimulation by wind, cold and damp group, head in low-location group, compound model group(head in low-location plus stimulation of wind, cold and damp), Gegen Recipe group and Guizhi Recipe group. The gene expression of IL-1β, iNOS, TNFα and TGFβ mRNA in degenerated cervical intervertebral disks were assayed by RT-PCR.


Compared with the control group, IL-1β mRNA and iNOS mRNA expression were up-regulated in each model group (P<0.01). Both Gegen Recipe and Guizhi Recipe down-regulated IL-1β mRNA, iNOS mRNA expression, which had significant differences compared with the stimulation model group (P<0.01 or<0.05). TNFα mRNA expression was significantly enhanced in the compound model group compared with the control group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference between the head in low-location group and the stimulation model group. Gegen Recipe down-regulated TNFα mRNA expression compared with the stimulation group (P<0.01), while the effect of Guizhi Recipe was not significant. Compared with the control group, TGFβ mRNA expression went down in each model group (P<0.01). Gegen Recipe up-regulated TGFβ mRNA expression (P<0.01), while the effect of Guizhi Recipe on adjusting TGFβ mRNA was not significant.


Stimulation by wind, cold and damp, head in low-location, and compound of both can down-regulate the expressions of IL-1β, iNOS, TNFα mRNA, and up-regulate the expression of TGFβ mRNA. These researches certify that these factors take part in the progression of intervertebral disk degeneration. IL-1β, iNOS, TNFα accelerate the degeneration and TGFβ defers the degeneration. Gegen Recipe down-regulates the expression of TNFα mRNA and up-regulates the expression of TGFβ mRNA. The effect on regulating the cell factors expressions by Guizhi Recipe is lower than that of Gegen Recipe.

Key words: drugs, Chinese herbal, cervical vertebrae, intervertebral disk, interleukin-1beta, nitric-oxide synthase, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, etc

CLC Number: 

  • R681.531


引物名称,片段(bp) 引物序列
IL-1β(305 bp) Forward
iNOS(231 bp) Forward
TGFβ(250 bp) Forward
TNFα(340 bp) Forward
β-actin(660 bp) Forward


组 别 n IL-1β mRNA iNOS mRNA
正常对照组 6 0.9532±0.0047 0.9199±0.0129
风寒湿颈椎病组 6 1.0413±0.0152** 1.0026±0.0096**
低头位颈椎病组 6 1.0297±0.0313** 1.0049±0.0182**
低头位加风寒湿颈椎病组 6 1.0885±0.0271**△▲▲ 1.0160±0.0078**
葛根汤治疗组 6 0.9908±0.0121 0.9437±0.0031△△
桂枝汤治疗组 6 0.9529±0.0025△△ 0.9057±0.0044△△


组 别 n TNFα mRNA TGFβ mRNA
正常对照组 6 0.8906±0.0211 0.9710±0.0572
风寒湿颈椎病组 6 0.9045±0.0199 0.8384±0.0305**
低头位颈椎病组 6 0.8958±0.0169 0.8254±0.0351**
低头位加风寒湿颈椎病组 6 1.0284±0.0182**△△▲▲ 0.8027±0.0212**
葛根汤治疗组 6 0.8578±0.0294△△ 0.9662±0.0127△△
桂枝汤治疗组 6 0.9819±0.0285△△ 0.8679±0.0158□□
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